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Using Hairy Roots for Production of Valuable Plant Secondary Metabolites

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 149)

Abstract

Plants synthesize a wide variety of natural products, which are traditionally termed secondary metabolites and, more recently, coined specialized metabolites. While these chemical compounds are employed by plants for interactions with their environment, humans have long since explored and exploited plant secondary metabolites for medicinal and practical uses. Due to the tissue-specific and low-abundance accumulation of these metabolites, alternative means of production in systems other than intact plants are sought after. To this end, hairy root culture presents an excellent platform for producing valuable secondary metabolites. This chapter will focus on several major groups of secondary metabolites that are manufactured by hairy roots established from different plant species. Additionally, the methods for preservations of hairy roots will also be reviewed.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Alkaloid Hairy roots Phenolic Preservation Secondary metabolites Terpenoid 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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