Sphincter Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy

  • Thanesan Ramalingam
  • Neil J. McC Mortensen


Botulinum Toxin Faecal Incontinence Anal Sphincter Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide External Anal Sphincter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thanesan Ramalingam
    • 1
  • Neil J. McC Mortensen
    • 2
  1. 1.University Department of PharmacologyUniversity of OxfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Colorectal SurgeryJohn Radcliffe HospitalOxfordUK

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