The Water Column – Concentration and Load

  • Jerry R. Miller
  • Suzanne M. Orbock Miller


Trace Metal Suspended Sediment Suspended Sediment Concentration Trace Metal Concentration Runoff Event 
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Suggested Readings

  1. Brink CM, Moore JN (1996) Diel variations of trace metals in the Upper Clark Fork River, Montana. Environmental Science and Technology 30:1953–1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooks PD, McKnight DM, Bencala KE (2001) Annual maxima in Zn concentrations during spring snowmelt in streams impacted by mine drainage. Environmental Geology 40:1447–1454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans C, Davies TD (1998) Causes of concentration/discharge hysteresis and its potential as a tool for analysis of episode hydrochemistry. Water Resources Research 34:129–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Richards RP (2001) Estimation of pollutant loads in rivers and streams: a guidance document for NPS programs. Report to the US Environmental Protection Agency, Region VIII, Grant No. X998397-01-0.Google Scholar
  5. Sherrell RM, Ross JM (1999) Temporal variability of trace metals in New Jersey Pinelands streams: relationships to discharge and pH. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 63:3321–3336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Shiller AM (1997) Dissolved trace elements in the Mississippi River: seasonal, interannual, and decadal variability. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61:4321–4330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerry R. Miller
    • 1
  • Suzanne M. Orbock Miller
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geosciences & Natural Resources ManagementWestern Carolina UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Haywood County SchoolsUSA

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