Natural Enemy Native Range Urban Forest Classical Biological Control Beetle Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albert S., Ramotnik, C. A., & Schmitt C. G. (2004) Collared peccary range expansion in northwestern New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 49, 524-528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonsall, M. B., van der Meijden, E., & Crawley, M. J. (2003) Contrasting dynamics in the same plantherbivore interaction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100,14932-14936.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bybee, L. F., Millar, J. G., Paine, T. D., Campbell, K., & Hanlon, C. C. (2004) The seasonal development of Phoracantha recurvaand P. semipunctatain southern California. Environmental Entomology 33, 1232-1241.Google Scholar
  4. Cardinale, B. J., Harvey, C. T., Gross, K., & Ives, A. R. (2003) Biodiversity and biocontrol: emergent impacts of a multi-enemy assemblage on pest suppression and crop yield in an agroecosystem. Ecology Letters 6,857-865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Casanova C., & do Prado, A. P. (2002) Key-factor analysis of immature stages of Aedes scapularis (Diptera : Culicidae) populations in southeastern Brazil. Bulletin of Entomological Research 92, 271-277.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chararas, C. (1969) Étude biologique de Phoracantha semipunctataF. (Coléoptère Cerambycidae xylophage) specifique des Eucalyptusen Tunisie et recherches sur la vitalité et l’adaptation de ces essences. Académie D’Agriculture de France, C.R. 55, 47-57.Google Scholar
  7. Clausen, C. P., and others. (1977) Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds: A world review. U.S. Depatrment of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Agriculture Handbook No. 480. 551 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Cornell, H. V., & Hawkins, B. A. (1995) Survival patterns and mortality sources of herbivorous insects – some demographic trends. American Naturalist 145, 563-593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Di-Iorio, O. R. (2004) Especies exoticas de Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) introducidas en la Argentina. Parte 1. El genero PhoracanthaNewman 1840. Agrociencia 38, 503-515.Google Scholar
  10. De Boer, J. G., Posthumus, M. A., & Dicke, M. (2004) Identification of volatiles that are used in discrimination between plants infested with prey or nonprey herbivores by a predatory mite. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30, 2215-2230.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Drinkwater, T.W. (1975) The present pest status of eucalyptus borers Phoracanthaspp. in South Africa. In: Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 1975. Entomological Society of Southern Africa, Pretoria, pp. 119-129.Google Scholar
  12. Duffy, E.A.J. (1963) A Monograph of the Immature Stages of Australasian Timber Beetles (Cerambycidae). British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  13. Garcia-Rossi, D., Rank, N., & Strong, D. R. (2003) Potential for self-defeating biological control? Variation in herbivore vulnerability among invasive Spartinagenotypes. Ecological Applications 13,1640-1649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gonzalez-Megias, A., & Gomez, J. M. (2003) Consequences of removing a keystone herbivore for the abundance and diversity of arthropods associated with a cruciferous shrub. Ecological Entomology 28, 299-308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gonzalez-Tirado, L. (1987) Tabla de vida para Phoracantha semipunctataFab. (Col. Cerambycidae). Perforador de los eucaliptos en el sudoeste español. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas 13, 283-301.Google Scholar
  16. Hanks, L. M., Gould, J. R., Paine, T. D., & Millar, J. G. (1995) Biology and host relations of Avetianella longoi, an egg parasitoid of the Eucalyptus longhorned borer. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 88, 666-671.Google Scholar
  17. Hanks, L. M., Paine, T. D., & Millar, J. G. (1991b) Mechanisms of resistance in Eucalyptusagainst the larvae of the eucalyptus longhorned borer (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in California. Environmental Entomology 20, 1583-1588.Google Scholar
  18. Hanks, L. M., Paine, T. D., & Millar, J. G. (1993b) Host species preference and larval performance in the wood-boring beetle Phoracantha semipunctataF. Oecologia (Berl.) 95, 22-29.Google Scholar
  19. Hanks, L. M., Paine, T. D., Millar, J. G., & Hom, J. L. (1995a) Variation among Eucalyptusspecies in resistance to eucalyptus longhorned borer in southern California. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 74, 185-194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hanks, L. M., Paine, T. D., Millar, J. G., Campbell, C. D., & Schuch, U. K. (1999) Water relations of host trees and resistance to the phloem-boring beetle Phoracantha semipunctataF. (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Oecologia (Berl.) 119, 400-407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hanks, L. M.,. Millar, J. G., Paine, T. D., Wang, Q., &. Paine E. O. (2001) Patterns of host utilization by two parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of the eucalyptus longhorned borer (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Biological Control 21, 152-159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hanks, L.M., Paine, T.D., & Millar, J.G. (1996) Tiny wasp helps protect eucalypts from eucalyptus longhorned borer. California Agriculture 50, 14-16.Google Scholar
  23. Hawkins, B. A., Mills, N. J., Jervis, M. A., & Price, P. W. (1999) Is the biological control of insects a natural phenomenon? Oikos 86, 493-506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hopkins, G. W., & Memmott, J. (2003) Seasonality of a tropical leaf-mining moth: leaf availability versus enemy-free space. Ecological Entomology 28,687-693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ivory, M.H. (1977) Preliminary investigations of the pests of exotic forest trees in Zambia. Commonwealth Forest Review 56, 47-56.Google Scholar
  26. Kaitaniemi, P., & Ruohomaki, K. (2001) Sources of variability in plant resistance against insects: free caterpillars show strongest effects. Oikos 95, 461-470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lambrinos, J. G. (2004) How interactions between ecology and evolution influence contemporary invasion dynamics. Ecology 85, 2061-2070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Leirs, H., Stenseth, N. C., Nichols, J. D., Hines, J. E., Verhagen, R., & Verheyen, W. (1997) Stochastic seasonality and nonlinear density-dependent factors regulate population size in an African rodent. Nature 389, 176-180.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Luhring, K. A., Paine, T. D., Millar, J. G., & Hanks, L. M. (2000) Suitability of the eggs of two species of eucalyptus longhorned borers (Phoracantha recurvaand P. semipunctata) as hosts for the parasitoid Avetianella longoiSiscaro. Biological Control 19, 95-104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Luhring, K. A., Millar, J. G., Paine, T. D., Reed, D., Hanks, L. M., & Christiansen, H. (2004) Oviposition preferences and progeny development of the egg parasitoid Avetianella longoi: factors mediating replacement of one species by a congener in a shared habitat. Biological Control 30, 382-391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mendel, Z. (1985) Seasonal development of the eucalypt borer, Phoracantha semipunctata, in Israel. Phytoparasitica 13, 85-93.Google Scholar
  32. Montoya, J. M., Rodriquez, M. A., & Hawkins, B. A. (2003) Food web complexity and higher-level ecosystem services. Ecology Letters 6, 587-593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Paine, T. D., & Millar, J. G. (2002) Insect pests of eucalypts in California: implications of managing invasive species. Bulletin of Entomological Research 92, 147-151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Paine T. D., Millar, J. G., Bellows, T. S., Jr., Hanks, L. M., & Gould, J. R. (1993) Integrating classical biological control with plant health in the urban forest. Journal of Arboriculture 19,125-130.Google Scholar
  35. Paine, T. D., Millar, J. G., & Hanks, L. M. (1995) Biology of the eucalyptus longhorned borer in California and development of an integrated management program for the urban forest. California Agriculture 49, 34-37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Paine, T. D., Millar, J. G, Bellows, T. S., Jr., & Hanks, L. M. (1997) Enlisting an underappreciated clientele: public participation in distribution and evaluation of natural enemies in urban landscapes. American Entomologist 43, 163-172.Google Scholar
  37. Paine, T. D., Millar, J. G., Paine, E. O., & Hanks, L. M. (2001) Influence of host log age and refuge from natural enemies on colonization and survival of Phoracantha semipunctata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 98,157-163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Paine, T. D., Hanks, L. M., Millar, J. G., & Paine, E. O. (2000a) Attractiveness and suitability of host tree species for colonization and survival of Phoracantha semipunctataF. (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Canadian Entomologist 132, 907-913.Google Scholar
  39. Paine, T. D., Paine, E. O., Hanks, L. M., & Millar, J. G. (2000b) Resource partitioning among parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of Phoracantha semipunctatain their native range. Biological Control 19, 223-231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rosenheim, J. A., Glik, T. E., Goeriz, R. E., & Ramert, B. (2004) Linking a predator’s foraging behavior with its effects on herbivore population suppression. Ecology 85, 3362-3372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Royama, T. (1996) A fundamental problem in key factor analysis. Ecology 77, 87-93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stenseth, N. C., Viljugrein, H., Jedrzejewski, W., Mysterud, A., & Pucek, Z. (2002) Population dynamics of Clethrionomys glareolusand Apodemus flavicollis: seasonal components of density dependence and density independence. Acta Theriologica 47, 39-67.Google Scholar
  43. Stenseth, N. C., Viljugrein, H., Saitoh, T., Hansen, T. F., Kittilsen, M. O., Bolviken, E., & Glockner, F. (2003) Seasonality, density dependence, and population cycles in Hokkaido voles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, 11478-11483.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Steinbauer, M. J., & Matsuki, M. (2004) Suitability of Eucalyptusand Corymbiafor Mnesampela privata (Guenne) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) larvae. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 6, 323-332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Stiling, P., & Moon, D. C. (2005) Quality or quantity: the direst and indirect effects of host plants on herbivores and their natural enemies. Oecologia 142, 413-420.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tooke, F. G. C. (1935) Insects injurious to forest and shade trees. Union of South Africa Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Plant Industry Series No. 2, Bulletin No. 142, 33-39.Google Scholar
  47. Turlings, T. C. J., Tumlinson, J. H., & Lewis, W. J. (1990) Exploitation of herbivore-induced plant odors by host-seeking parasitic wasps. Science 250, 1251-1253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wakgari, W.M., & Giliomee, J. H. (2001) Population dynamics of the white wax scale, Ceroplastes destructor(Hemiptera: Coccidae), on citrus in South Africa, with implications for biological control. Bulletin of Entomological Research 91, 307-315.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Walker, K. R., & Welter, S. C. (2004) Biological control potential of Apanteles aristoteliae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on populations of Argyrotaenia citrana(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in California apple orchards. Environmental Entomology 33, 1327-1334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wang, Q., Thornton, I. W. B., & New, T. R. (1996) Biogeography of the phoracanthine beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Biogeography 23, 75-94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Way, M. J., Cammell, M. E., & Paiva, M. R. (1992) Studies on egg predation by ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) especially on the eucalyptus borer Phoracantha semipunctata(Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) in Portugal. Bulletin of Entomological Research 82, 425-432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zalucki, M. P., Clarke, A. R., & Malcolm, S. B. (2002) Ecology and behavior of first instar larval Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 47, 361-93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy D. Paine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

Personalised recommendations