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A Historical Retrospective of the Beginnings of Brittle Fracture Mechanics - The Period 1907–1947

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Abstract

This contribution presents a historical retrospective of the early years of brittle fracture mechanics. Looking back 99 years, the year 1907 is important for two reasons:

  1. 1

    the German physicist Karl Wieghardt, a disciple of the famous physicist Arnold Sommerfeld derived the complete stress field around the tip of a crack and gave the correct order of the elastic crack tip singularity, and in solving the so-called Bach-Problem of fracturing of roller bearings, presented the first mixed-mode fracture criterion, and

  2. 2

    the Father of Engineering Fracture Mechanics, George Rankin Irwin, was born in El Paso, Texas.

Keywords

  • Roller Bearing
  • Naval Research Laboratory
  • Engineer Fracture Mechanics
  • Dead Branch
  • German Physicist

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Cotterell, B. (2002) The Past, Present, and Future of Fracture Mechanics. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 69:533–553.

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  2. Paris, P.C. (1995) Reflections on Progress in Fracture Mechanics Research. ASTM STP 1207:5–17.

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  3. Rossmanith, H.-P. (1995) An introduction to K. Wieghardt’s historical paper on splitting and cracking of elastic bodies. Fatigue Fract Engng Mater Struct 12: 1367–69.

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  4. Rossmanith, H.-P. (1997) G.R. Irwin — The Father of Fracture Mechanics: A Biographical Sketch. In: Fracture Research in Retrospect. An Anniversary Volume in Honour of G.R.Irwin’s 90 th Birthday. 3–36, A.A. Balkem, Rotterdam.

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  5. Rossmanith, H.-P. (1997) The Struggle for Recognition of Engineering Fracture Mechanics. In: Fracture Research in Retrospect. An Anniversary Volume in Honour of G.R.Irwin’s 90 th Birthday. 37–94, A.A. Balkem, Rotterdam.

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  6. Wieghardt, K. (1907) Ueber das Spalten und Zerreissen elastischer Koerper. Z. Mathematik und Physik 55:60–103; Translation Rossmanith H.P. On splitting and cracking of elastic bodies. Fatigue Fract Engng Mater Struct 1995, 12: 1371–1405.

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© 2006 Springer

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Rossmanith, H.P. (2006). A Historical Retrospective of the Beginnings of Brittle Fracture Mechanics - The Period 1907–1947. In: Gdoutos, E.E. (eds) Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4972-2_13

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4972-2_13

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4020-4971-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4020-4972-9

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