Advertisement

Historical biogeography and conservation of the golden-striped salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica) in northwestern Iberia: integrating ecological, phenotypic and phylogeographic data

  • João Alexandrino
  • José Teixeira
  • Jan W. Arntzen
  • Nuno Ferrand
Chapter

Abstract

The golden-striped salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica) is an endemic species inhabiting stream-side habitats in mountainous areas in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula. This salamandrid is listed in the IUCN Red Data Book as a threatened species. The combination of bioclimatic modeling of the species distribution and multivariate analysis of genetic and phenotypic data strengthens previous hypotheses concerning the historical biogeography of C. lusitanica: the Pleistocene subdivision of the species’ range and a process of postglacial recolonization. Discrepancies between bioclimatic modeling predictions and the present-day distribution suggest that the species may still be expanding its range northwards. We propose the identification of two distinct units for the conservation of the species and suggest that this information should be taken into account in defining key areas for conservation in the Iberian Peninsula.

Keywords

allozymes Chioglossa lusitanica ecological modeling evolutionary significant units golden-striped salamander glacial refugia mitochondrial DNA phenotypic variation postglacial range expansion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexandrino J (2000) Diversidade genética e morfológica na Salamandra lusitâanica, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela): biogeografia histórica, implicações tax-onómicas e conservação. PhD Thesis, University of Oporto.Google Scholar
  2. Alexandrino J, Ferrand N, Arntzen JW (1997) Genetic variation in some populations of the golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela), in Portugal. Biochemical Genetics 35, 371-381.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alexandrino J, Froufe E, Arntzen JW, Ferrand N (2000) Genetic subdivision, glacial refugia and postglacial recolonization in the golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela). Molecular Ecology 9, 771-781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alexandrino J, Arntzen JW, Ferrand N (2002) Nested clade analysis and the genetic evidence for population expansion in the phylogeography of the golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica (Amphibia: Urodela). Heredity 88, 66-74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arntzen JW (1981) Ecological observations on Chioglossa lusitanica (Caudata, Salaman-dridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 1, 187-203.Google Scholar
  6. Arntzen JW (1994) Speedy salamanders: sedentariness and migration of Chioglossa lusi-tanica. Revista Española Herpetología 8, 81-86.Google Scholar
  7. Arntzen JW (1999) Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864 – Goldstreifensalamander. In: Hand-buch der Amphibien und Reptilien Europas (eds. Grossenbacher K, Thiesmeier B), pp.301-321. AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  8. Arntzen JW, Alexandrino J (2004) Ecological modelling of genetically differentiated forms of the Iberian endemic Golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica. Herpetological Journal 14, 137-141.Google Scholar
  9. Austin GE, Thomas CG, Houston DC, Thompson DBA (1996) Predicting the spatial distribution of the buzzard Buteo buteo nesting areas using Geographical Information Systems and Remote Sensing. Journal of Applied Ecology 33, 1541-1550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Avise JC (1994) Molecular Markers, Natural History and Evolution. Chapman & Hall, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Avise JC (1998) The history and purview of phylogeography: a personal reflection. Molecular Ecology 7, 371-379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Avise JC (2000). Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  13. Barbadillo LJ, Lacomba JI, Pérez-Mellado V, Sancho V, López-Jurado LP (1999) Anfibios y eptiles de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias: Guía ilustrada para conocer todas las especies. Editorial GeoPlaneta S.A., Barcelona.Google Scholar
  14. Bermingham E, Moritz C (1998) Comparative phylogeography: concepts and applications. Molecular Ecology 7, 367-369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bernatchez L (1995) A role for molecular systematics in defining evolutionary significant units in fishes. American Fisheries Society Symposium 17, 114-132.Google Scholar
  16. Bilton DT, Mirol PM, Mascheretti M, Fredga K, Zima J, Searle JB (1998) Mediterranean Europe as an area of endemism for small mammals rather than a source for northwards postglacial colonization. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 265, 1219-1226.Google Scholar
  17. Bosch E, Calafell F, Perez-Lezaun A, Comas D, Mateu E, Bertranpetit J (1997) Population history of North Africa: evidence from classical genetic markers. Human Biology 69, 295-311.Google Scholar
  18. Brito JC, Brito e Abreu F, Paulo OS, Rosa HD, Crespo EG (1996) Distribution of Schreiber’s green lizard (Lacerta schreiberi) in Portugal: a predictive model. Herpetological Journal 6, 43-47.Google Scholar
  19. Brito JC, Paulo OS, Crespo EG (1998) Distribution and habitats of Schreiber’s green lizard (Lacerta schreiberi) in Portugal. Herpetological Journal 8, 187-194.Google Scholar
  20. Cavalli-Sforza L, Menozzi P, Piazza A (1993) Demic expansions and human evolution. Science 259, 639-646.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cavalli-Sforza L, Menozzi P, Piazza A (1994) The History and Geography of Human Genes. Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  22. Crandall KA, Bininda-Emonds ORP, Mace GM, Wayne RK (2000) Considering evolutionary processes in conservation biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15, 290-295.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Eastman JR (1997) Idrisi for Windows: User’s Guide. Version 2.0. Clark University, Worcester, USA.Google Scholar
  24. Emerson BC, Paradis E, Thébaud C (2001) Revealing the demographic histories of species using DNA sequences. TREE 16, 707-716.Google Scholar
  25. García-París M, Arano B, Herrero P (2001) Molecular characterization of the contact zone between Triturus pygmaeus and T. marmoratus (Caudata: Salamandridae) in Central Spain and their taxonomic assessment. Revista Española de Herpetología 15, 115-126.Google Scholar
  26. Godinho R, Paulo OS, Ferrand N, Luis C, Rosa HD, Crespo EG (2003) Major patterns of population differentiation in the Iberian Schreiber’s Green lizard (Lacerta schreiberi) inferred from Protein polymorphism. Herpetological Journal 13, 35-42.Google Scholar
  27. Godinho R, Domingues V, Crespo EG, Ferrand V (2006a) Extensive intraspecific polymorphism detected by SSCP at the nuclear C-mos gene in the endemic Iberian lizard, La-certa schreiberi. Molecular Ecology 15, 731-738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Godinho R, Mendonça B, Crespo EG, Ferrand N (2006b) Genealogy of the nuclear ?-fibrinogen locus in a highly structured lizard species: comparison with mtDNA and evidence for intragenic recombination in the hybrid zone. Heredity, doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6800823.Google Scholar
  29. Golden Software (1996) Surfer for Windows (Win32): Surface Mapping System, Version 6.04. Golden Software, Inc., Golden.Google Scholar
  30. Guinand B, Easteal S (1996) Multivariate patterns of genetic differentiation support complex colonization schemes in Bufo marinus populations. Evolution 50, 944-951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hare MP (2001) Prospects for nuclear gene phylogeography. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16, 700-706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hewitt GM (1996) Some genetic consequences of ice ages, and their role in divergence and speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 58, 247-276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hewitt GM (1999) Post-glacial re-colonization of European biota. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 68, 87-112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hewitt GM (2000) The genetic legacy of the Quaternary ice ages. Nature 405, 907-913.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hugall A, Moritz C, Moussalli A, Stanisic J (2002) Reconciling paleodistribution models and comparative phylogeography in the Wet tropics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 99, 6112-6117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Le Corre V, Roussel G, Zanetto A, Kremer A (1998) Geographical structure of gene diversity in Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. III. Patterns of variation identified by geostatistical analyses. Heredity 80, 464-473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lee JC (1993) Geographic variation in size and shape of neotropical frogs: a precipitation gradient analysis. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, the University of Kansas 163, 1-20.Google Scholar
  38. Menozzi P, Piazza A, Cavalli-Sforza L (1978) Synthetic maps of human gene frequencies in Europeans. Science 201, 786-792.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mladenoff DJ, Sickley TA (1998) Assessing potential grey wolf restoration in the northeastern United States: a spatial prediction of favourable habitat and potential population levels. Journal of Wildlife Management 62, 1-10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Moritz C (1994) Defining ‘Evolutionary Significant Units’for conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9, 373-375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Moritz C (2002) Strategies to protect biological diversity. Systematic Biology 21, 238-254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nevo E (1972) Climatic adaptation in size of the green-toad, Bufo viridis. Israel Journal of Medical Science 54, 1010.Google Scholar
  43. Paetkau D (1999) Using genetics to identify intraspecific conservation units: a critique of current methods. Conservation Biology 13, 1507-1509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Paulo OS, Dias C, Bruford MW, Jordan WC, Nichols RA (2001) The persistence of Pliocene populations through the Pleistocene climatic cycles: evidence from the phylogeography of an Iberian lizard. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 268, 1625-1630.Google Scholar
  45. Paulo OS, Jordan WC, Bruford MW, Nichols RA (2002) Using nested clade analysis to assess the history of colonization and persistence of populations of an Iberian Lizard. Molecular Ecology 11, 809-819.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Pereira J, Itami R (1991) GIS-based habitat modelling using logistic multiple regression: a study of the Mt. Graham Red Squirrel. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 57, 1475-1486.Google Scholar
  47. Piazza A, Menozzi P, Cavalli-Sforza L (1981) The making and testing of geographic gene-frequency maps. Biometrics 37, 635-659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ray N, Currat M, Berthier P, Excoffier L (2005) Recovering the geographic origin of early modern humans by realistic and spatially explicit simulations. Genome Research 15, 1161-1167.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Rowe G, Harris DJ, Beebee TJC (2006) Lusitania revisited: a phylogeographic analysis of the natterjack toad Bufo calamita across its entire biogeographical range. Molecular Phy-logenetics and Evolution 39, 335-346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Ryder OA (1986) Species conservation and systematics: the dilemma of subspecies. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1, 9-10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sánchez-Herráiz MJ, Barbadillo J, Machordom A, Sanchíz B (2000) A new species of Peloditid frog from the Iberian Peninsula. Herpetologica 56, 105-118.Google Scholar
  52. Sequeira F, Alexandrino J, Rocha R, Arntzen JW, Ferrand N (2005) Genetic exchange across a hybrid zone within the Iberian endemic golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica. Molecular Ecology 14, 245-254.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. StatSoft (1993) STATISTICA for Windows, Release 4.5. StatSoft Inc., Tulsa.Google Scholar
  54. Taberlet P, Fumagalli L, Wust-Saucy A, Cosson J (1998) Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe. Molecular Ecology 7, 453-464.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Teixeira J, Arntzen JW (2002) Potential impact of climate warming on the distribution of the Golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica, on the Iberian Peninsula. Biodiversity and Conservation 11, 2167-2176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Teixeira J, Ferrand N, Arntzen JW (2001) Biogeography of the golden-striped salamander, Chioglossa lusitanica: a field survey and spatial modelling approach. Ecography 24, 618-624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Templeton AR (1998) Nested clade analyses of phylogeographic data: testing hypotheses about gene flow and population history. Molecular Ecology 7, 381-397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Templeton AR (2002) Out of Africa again and again. Nature 416, 45-51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Thiesmeier B (1994) Trophische Beziehungen und Habitatpräferenzen sympatrisch lebender Salamandra salamandra und Chioglossa lusitanica-Larven. Abhandlungen und Berichte für Naturkunde 17, 119-126.Google Scholar
  60. Velázquez A, Bocco G (1994) Modelling conservation alternatives with ILWIS: a case study of the volcano rabbit. ITC Journal 1994, 197-204.Google Scholar
  61. Vences M (1997) Chioglossa lusitanica Barboza du Bocage, 1864. Salamandra rabilarga; Sala-mandra-dourada. In: Distribución y biogeografia de los anfibios y reptiles en España y Portugal(ed. Pleguezuelos JM), pp. 103-105. Universidad de Granada & A.H.E., Granada.Google Scholar
  62. Walker PA (1990) Modelling wildlife distributions using geographic information system: kangaroos in relation to climate. Journal of Biogeography 17, 279-289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Waples RS (1991) Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus spp., and the definition of ‘species’ under the endangered species act. Marine Fisheries Review 53, 11-22.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Alexandrino
  • José Teixeira
  • Jan W. Arntzen
  • Nuno Ferrand

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations