Cross-section of a refugium: genetic diversity of amphibian and reptile populations in the Balkans

  • Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailovic


The Balkan Peninsula has been a ‘transitional area’for the historical migrations of amphibian and reptile species from east to west, north to south and vice versa. As a result of dynamic paleo-geographic and climatic history, central parts of the Balkans today harbor representatives of Mediterranean, middle European, Boreal and Steppe herpetofauna. According to current species lists, a high level of responsibility for the conservation of European herpetofauna is proposed for all Balkan countries (Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey-European part). This study evaluates the genetic diversity (the core of biodiversity evaluation) of the Balkan herpetofauna, based on literature review as well as the author’s own results of various molecular studies made on representative European herpetofauna.


herpetofauna Balkan Peninsula refugium genetic diversity 


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  • Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailovic

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