Clitic Clusters and Clitic Doubling

Part of the Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory book series (SNLT, volume 67)


Many function words in the Balkan Sprachbund languages are clitics. Except in Balkan Romani, most of the “clausal” clitics, notably the pronominal and auxiliary clitics, the negation marker, the subjunctive marker and occasionally monosyllabic adverbs, occur in clusters. The Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian clausal clitic clusters behave uniformly in all environments – in Serbo-Croatian we have phonologically enclitic second position clitics, and in Bulgarian phonologically enclitic, but syntactically preverbal clitics. The Macedonian, Romanian, Megleno-Romanian, Aromanian, Albanian and Modern Greek clausal clitic clusters are typically syntactically preverbal and phonologically proclitic, though in clauses in which V is instantiated by imperative verbs or present participles they occur postverbally and are enclitic. In Macedonian, Megleno-Romanian and Aromanian, in clauses with nominal predicates, the clausal clitic clusters are enclitic.


Direct Object Definite Article Negation Marker Indirect Object Relative Pronoun 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LeidenThe Netherlands

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