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Physics of Hyperbaric Pressure

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Abstract

Within the scope of this book, a review is presented regarding general characteristics of gases: constants, pressure and density, composition of air, and characteristics of oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide as major components of air. Relevant information is given regarding the basic gas laws of Boyle and Amontons, the universal gas equation, the gas laws of Dalton and Henry and the laws of diffusion (Fick). In addition the principle of adiabatic processes (Joule-Thomson effect and adiabatic decompression) is described

Keywords

  • mol
  • molecular weight
  • Avogadro’s number
  • Loschmidt’s number
  • Avogadro’s law
  • pressure
  • pressure unit
  • density
  • air
  • oxygen
  • nitrogen
  • carbon dioxide
  • Boyle’s law
  • Boyle Mariotte law
  • Amontons’ law
  • Graham’s law
  • ideal gas law
  • universal gas equation
  • Dalton’s law
  • partial pressure
  • fraction
  • Henry’s law
  • Bunsen’s solubility coefficient
  • diffusion
  • Fick’s First Law of Diffusion
  • Fick’s Second Law of Diffusion
  • adiabatic process
  • Joule-Thomson effect
  • adiabatic compression
  • adiabatic decompression

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  • DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4448-8_2
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References

  1. Almeling M., Böhm, F., Welslau, W. (eds.): Handbuch der Tauch-und Hyperbarmedizin, Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft, Landsberg, ISBN 3-609-72390-4 (1998).

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  2. Welslau, W.: Tauchmedizin. In: Scholl, J. (ed.): Handbuch Tauchen, BLV-Buchverlag, München, ISBN 3-405-14487-6 (1996).

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  3. Welslau, W.: Tauchmedizin, Skriptum für Tauchmedizin-Kurse, author’s edition (2004).

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  4. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page (2005).

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© 2006 Springer

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Welslau, W. (2006). Physics of Hyperbaric Pressure. In: Mathieu, D. (eds) Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4448-8_2

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