ANTIMICROBIAL AND NEMATICIDAL SUBSTANCES FROM THE ROOT OF CHICORY(Cichorium intybus)
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Antimicrobial sesquiterpenoids, 8a-angeloyloxycichoralexin and guaianolides such as cichoralexin and 10a-hydroxycichopumilide were isolated and identified from the root of chicory (Cichorium intybus). These sesquiterpenoids exhibited antifungal activities against Pyricularia oryzae, Pellicularia sasaki and Alternaria kikuchiana. Ether soluble phenolics from the chicory root were found to exhibit nematicidal activity. The addition of dry chicory root powder to noodles, a boiled fish paste, and cocoa- and coffeecakes, during food processing, provided some protection from food spoilage organisms, and this product may have value as a natural food preservative.
KeywordsHairy Root Nematicidal Activity Cladosporium Herbarum Chicory Root Cichorium Intybus
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