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To a first approximation, the sentences we hear or read inform us about “who did what to whom”. In order to extract this information from the auditive or visual input signal, several tasks have to be accomplished. The input signal has to be broken down into a string of words, this string has to be parsed into a syntactic structure, and the syntactic structure has to be interpreted semantically. In this monograph, we will be concerned with the task mediating between the recognition of words and the semantic interpretation of sentences, that is, the task of computing syntactic structures. Thus, the question we will try to answer is this: What are the mental processes that are responsible for computing syntactic structures during language comprehension?
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