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TOWARD A SPACE WEATHER

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Abstract

Various attempts to explain the Aurora Borealis are at the origin of the discoveries concerning the ionized environment of our planet. The first magnetic measurements were taken by VON HUMBOLDT in 1805. It was he who first used the term “magnetic storm” to explain the perturbations of his measurements. Together with GAUSS, he was able to put forward an explanation for the terrestrial magnetic field. The first observation of a solar eruption was in 1859. R. CARRINGTON, a British astronomer, noted a magnetic storm followed about 18 hours later by auroras at a medium latitude. However, at the time it was impossible to say whether this was a coincidence or if there was a correlation.

Keywords

  • Solar Wind
  • Solar Activity
  • Coronal Mass Ejection
  • Magnetic Storm
  • Space Weather

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4332-5_03
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© 2006 Springer

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Lilensten, J., Bornarel, J. (2006). TOWARD A SPACE WEATHER. In: Space Weather, Environment and Societies. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4332-5_03

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