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The top 2-3 m of the ocean has the same heat capacity as the entire atmosphere above. Of the penetrating solar radiation, 50% is absorbed within the first 0.5 m of the ocean. Of the breaking surface wave kinetic energy, 50% dissipates within 20% of the significant wave height from the surface. These facts highlight the special role of the near-surface layer of the ocean in the ocean-atmosphere system.
KeywordsTurbulent Kinetic Energy Vortex Ring Planetary Boundary Layer Mixed Layer Depth Solar Zenith Angle
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