Patočka and Derrida on Responsibility

  • Eddo Evink
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 89)


Human Existence Responsibi Lity Christian Concept Tota Lity Platonic Idea 
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  1. 1.
    Jacques Derrida, Donner la mort (Paris: Galilée 1999); an earlier version of this text was published in Jean-Michel Rabaté et Michael Weztel (eds.), L’éthique du don. Jacques Derrida et la pensée du don (Paris: Métailié-Transition 1992), pp. 11–108; trans. David Wills as The Gift of Death (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jan Patočka, Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History, trans. Erazim Kohák (Chicago: Open Court, 1996).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Patočka, Le monde naturel et le mouvement de l’existence humaine (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988), pp. 1–49, 107–124; idem, Body, Community, Language, World, trans. Erazim Kohák (Chicago: Open Court, 1998), pp. 143-161; idem, Heretical Essays, pp. 29–33; cf. Erazim Kohák, “Jan Patočka: A Philosophical Biography”, in Jan Patočka: Philosophy and Selected Writings (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989), pp. 1–135: 102–104; Alexandra Laignel-Lavastine, Jan Patočka. L’Esprit de la dissidence (Paris: Michalon, 1998), pp. 38–43.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Patočka, Plato and Europe, trans. Petr Lom (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002), pp. 51–90; cf. Laignel-Lavastine, pp. 27–30; Ilja Srubar, “Vom begründeten Leben. Zu Jan Patočkas praktischer Philosophie”, in: Ernst Wolfgang Orth (ed.), Studien zur Philosophie von Jan Patočka, Phänomenologische Forschungen 17 (Freiburg: Karl Alber, 1985), pp. 10–31; Ludger Hagedorn, “Von einer ‘Philosophie der Amplitude’ zur’ solidarität der Erschütterten’”, in: Patočka, Texte — Dokumente — Bibliographie, ed. Ludger Hagedorn und Hans Rainer Sepp (Freiburg: Karl Alber, 1999), pp. 124–133. au5_“... es ist unmöglich, die Grundzüge der menschlichen Existenz in der Welt zu hinterfragen, wenn man nicht in eine Aporie verfallen will, in der Geist zugleich als Bedingendes und Bedingtes, als em innerweitliches Faktum und zugleich als Bedingung dieser Welt fungiert”, quotation in Srubar, “Vom begründeten Leben”, 28. This formulation is remarkably similar to Derrida’s quasi-transcendental deconstruction of metaphysics; see e.g. Derrida, Limited Inc. (Paris: Galilée, 1990), pp. 49, 116, 234; trans. Samuel Weber and Jeffrey Mehlman as Limited Inc. (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1988), pp. 20, 59, 129; cf. Rodolphe Gasché, The Tain of theMirror. Derrida and the Philosophy of Reflection (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986); Geoffrey Bennington, “Derridabase”, in Bennington and Derrida (eds.), Jacques Derrida (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Patočka, Heretical Essays, pp. 53–77; cf. Derrida on the “community of the question”: “Violence et métaphysique”, in L’écriture et la diffiérence (Paris: Minuit, 1967), pp. 117–228: 117–120; trans. Alan Bass as “Violence and Metaphysics”, in Writing and Diffierence (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978), pp. 79–153: 79–81.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Ibid., pp. 27–51; for the turn from myth to religion, see Patočka, Plato and Europe, pp. 122–130.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Patočka elaborates several characteristics of the “care for the soul” that cannot be discussed in the limited space of this article: an ontological-cosmological, practical-political and interior-religious orientation, cf. Patočka, Plato and Europe, pp. 88–137.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Patočka, Heretical Essays, p. 108; cf. pp. 66–69; Patočka, Plato and Europe, pp. 128–130.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Ibid., pp. 110–118.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Hagedorn, “Von einer ‘Philosophie der Amplitude’ zur’ solidarität der Erschütterten’”, pp. 129–131.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    Patočka, Heretical Essays, pp. 98–111; Derrida, The Gift of Death, pp. 15–56, 1–34.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    Derrida, The Gift of Death, pp. 73–76/48–50.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    Derrida, “Foi et savoir. Les deux sources de la «religion» aux limites de la simple raison”, in Jacques Derrida et Gianni Vattimo, La religion (Paris: Seuil, 1996), pp. 9–86, 26–33; trans. Samuel Weber as “Faith and Knowledge: The Two Sources of ‘Religion’ at the Limits of Reason Alone”, in Acts of Religion, Gil Anidjar (ed.) (New York London: Routledge, 2002), pp. 42–101: 54–60; idem, Sauf le nom (Paris: Galilée, 1993), pp. 98–99, 104–106; trans. John P. Leavy Jr. as “Saufle nom (Post-Scriptum)”, in On the name, Thomas Dutoit (ed.) (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995), pp. 35–85, 77–78, 81; cf. Hent de Vries, Philosophy and the Turn to Religion (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999), pp. 305–358.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    Patočka, Heretical Essays, pp. 107.Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    Derrida, The Gift of Death, pp. 77–78/51–52.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    Cf. Robert Bernasconi, “The Trace of Levinas in Derrida”, in David Wood and Robert Bernasconi (eds.), Derrida and Diffierence (Coventry: Parousia Press, 1985), pp. 13–29; idem, “Levinas and Derrida: The Question of the Closure of Metaphysics”, in R. A. Cohen (ed.), Face to Face with Levinas (Albany: SUNY, 1986), pp. 181–202; idem, “Deconstruction and the Possibility of Ethics”, in John Sallis, Deconstruction and Philosophy. The Texts of Jacques Derrida (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), pp. 122–139; Bernasconi and Critchley, “Editors’ Introduction”, in Re-Reading Levinas (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991), pp. xi–xviii: xii–xv; Edith Wyschogrod, “Derrida, Levinas, and Violence”, in: Hugh J. Silverman (ed.), Derrida and Deconstruction (New York: Routledge, 1989), pp. 182–200.Google Scholar
  17. 18.
    Derrida, Limited Inc., 221/122; “Violence and metaphysics”, 164/111; Adieu à Emmanuel Lévinas (Paris: Galilée, 1997), p. 94; Passions (Paris: Galilée, 1993), p. 40, trans. David Wood as “Passions: ‘An Oblique Offering’”, in David Wood (ed.), Derrida: A Critical Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992), pp. 5–34: 14; Jacques Derrida et Pierre-Jean Labarrière, Altérités (Paris: Osiris, 1986), pp. 70–77.Google Scholar
  18. 19.
    Derrida, L’autre cap (Paris: Minuit, 1991), p. 116; trans. by Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael Naas as The Other Heading. Reflections on T oday’s Europe (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992); Apories. Mourir — s’attendre aux «limites de la vérité» (Paris: Galilée, 1996), p. 37, trans. Thomas Dutoit as Aporias. Dying, Awaiting (one another at) the “L imits of T ruth” (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993), p. 16; Force de loi. Le «Fondement mystique de l’autorité» (Paris: Galilée, 1994), pp. 26, 52, trans. Mary Quaintance as “Force of law. The ‘mystical foundation of authority’”, in: Cardozo Law Review 11(1990): 920–1045: 935, 961–963; Passions, 24–26/9–10.Google Scholar
  19. 20.
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  20. 21.
    Derrida, Aporias, 37–41/16–19; Passions, 21–26/8–10; L’autre cap (Paris: Minuit, 1991), pp. 43–47, 70–71; Force de loi, pp. 50–63; Du droit à la philosophie (Paris: Galilée, 1990), pp. 35–36.Google Scholar
  21. 22.
    Derrida, The Gift of Death, 101/71.Google Scholar
  22. 23.
    Ibid., pp. 98, 109–110.Google Scholar
  23. 25.
    Derrida, Donner le temps 1. La fausse monnaie (Paris: Galilée, 1991), pp. 18–32, trans. Peggy Kamuf as Given Time: 1. Counterfeit Money (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992); cf. John D. Caputo, “A Commentary: Deconstruction in a Nutshell”, in Deconstruction in a Nutshell. A Conversation with Jacques Derrida (New York: Fordham University Press, 1997), pp. 29–208: 141; idem, The Prayers and T ears of Jacques Derrida. Religion without Religion (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997), p. 163.Google Scholar
  24. 26.
    A comparable critique on Derrida’s own elaboration of the ethical dimension of deconstruction in his work can be found in Nancy Fraser, “The Force of Law. Metaphysical or Political?”, in: Nancy Holland (ed.), Feminist Interpretations of Jacques Derrida (Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997), pp. 157–163.Google Scholar
  25. 27.
    The same argument against the later work of Derrida can also be made by taking its departure in his earlier work, by emphasizing, e.g., the inevitable phenomenal appearance of the other in Violence and Metaphysics or the economy in La diffiérence.Google Scholar
  26. 28.
    Patočka, “L’époque technique et le sacrifice”, in: Études Phénoménologiques 3 (Brussels: Ousia, 1985), pp. 117–128.Google Scholar

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© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eddo Evink
    • 1
  1. 1.Groningen UniversityThe Netherlands

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