The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements pp 2911-3012 | Cite as
Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes Promoted by Organoactinides
During the last two decades, the chemistry of organoactinides has flourished, reaching a high level of sophistication. The use of organoactinide complexes as stoichiometric or catalytic compounds to promote synthetically important organic transformations has matured due to their rich, complex, and uniquely informative organometallic chemistry. Compared to early or late transition metal complexes, the actinides sometimes exhibit parallel and sometimes totally different reactivities for similar processes. In many instances the regiospecific and chemical selectivities displayed by organoactinide complexes are complementary to that observed for other transition metal complexes. Several recent review articles (Edelman et al., 1995; Edelmann and Gun’ko, 1997; Ephritikhine, 1997; Hitchcock et al., 1997; Berthet and Ephritikhine, 1998; Blake et al., 1998; Edelmann and Lorenz, 2000), dealing mostly with the synthesis of new actinide complexes, confirm the broad and rapidly expanding scope of this field.
The aim of this chapter is to survey briefly and in a selective manner the catalytic chemistry of organoactinide complexes in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic reactions. A comprehensive review of the reactivities of actinide compounds has been published covering the literature until 1992 (Edelmann, 1995). This chapter reviews the new literature for the last decade. The treatment of this chapter is necessarily concise. We encourage the reader to seek the recent review articles and additional references given as an integral part of the subchapters for additional details and background material.
KeywordsTerminal Alkyne Heterogeneous Catalytic Process Hydride Complex Hydrosilylation Reaction Uranium Complex
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