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Economics of Alkane Conversion

Economic guidelines and techno-economical evaluation of alkane conversion processes
  • Jean-Paul Lange
Part of the NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry book series (NAII, volume 191)

Abstract

The conversion of methane and C2–4 alkanes to fuels and chemical intermediates represents a major challenge for the 21st century. Due to the chemical and thermodynamic stability of these feedstocks, their upgrading requires expensive manufacturing plants. This paper will review the basics of manufacturing economics and then discuss the economic peculiarities of methane and alkane conversion technologies. On the basis of manufacturing economics, the value of various feedstocks and the importance of energy management on plant costs will be discussed. The economic information disclosed in press releases will then be analysed, showing the clear trade-off between plant and feedstock costs in methane conversion processes, and briefly reviewing the major syngas and non-syngas routes. It will finally look at the C2–4 alkanes as potential chemical feedstock. It will highlight a trade-off between plant and feedstock costs, address the consequences of selectivity and discuss the economic potential of alternative oxidants such as SO3, N2O and H2O2.

Key words

economics investment feedstock energy management methane alkane gas-to-liquid methanol Fischer-Tropsch synthesis gas oxidative coupling partial oxidation 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Paul Lange
    • 1
  1. 1.Shell Chemicals Int.USA

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