Task-Based Web Modelling: The Web Object Life Cycle Modelling Concept

  • Birgit Bomsdorf
  • Gerd Szwillus
Conference paper


A web modelling approach is proposed, which uses a task model of the business as underlying basis and exploits it for adequate modelling of web sites including user interaction. We argue that a variant of classical task models, which emphasizes task objects and task views, is specially well-suited to support a model-based development of web sites. Its concepts and its practical use are discussed.


Interactive web sites Task based design User-centred design Web modelling 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Bodart, F., Hennebert, A.-M., Leheureux, J.-M., Provot I., and Vanderdonckt, J., A Model-based Approach to Presentation: A Continuum from Task Analysis to Prototype, in F. Paternò (ed.), Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Design, Specification, and Verification of Interactive Systems DSV-IS’94 (Bocca di Magra, 8–10 June 1994), Eurographics Series, Berlin, pp. 25–39.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Bomsdorf, B. and Szwillus, G., From Task to Dialogue: Task-Based User Interface Design, A CHI’98 Workshop, SIGCHI Bulletin, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1998, pp. 40–42.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bomsdorf, B. and Szwillus, G., User-Centered Modeling of Interactive Web Sites, accessible at http://www2003.org/cdrom/papers/poster/p327/p327-bomsdorf.htmGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Bomsdorf, B., Task Modelling for Customisation of Web Applications, in Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction HCI International 2003 (Heraklion, 22–27 June 2003), Vol. 3, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, 2003, pp. 33–37.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bongio, A., Ceri, S., Fraternali, P., and Maurino, A., Modelling Data Entry and Operations in WebML, in D. Suciu, G. Vossen (eds.), Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on the Web and Databases WebDB’2000 (Dallas, 18–19 May 2000), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1997, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000, pp. 201–214, accessible at http://www.research.att.com/conf/webdb2000/PAPERS/6b.pdfGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    De Troyer, O., Audience-driven Web Design, in M. Rossi, K. Siau (eds.), Information modelling in the new millennium, IDEA Group Publishing, 2001, accessible at http://wsdm.vub.ac.be/Download/Papers/WISDOM/WSDMChapter.PDFGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Elwert, T., Forbrig, P., and Schlungbaum, E., Meta Models for Task-oriented User Interface Development, in C. Stary (ed.), Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Cognitive Modelling and Interface Development (Vienna, December 1994), pp. 163–172.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Hackos, J.T. and Redish, J.C. (eds.), User and Task Analysis for Interface Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Isakowitz, T., Kamis, A., and Koufaris M., The Extended RMM Methodology for Web Publishing, Working Paper IS-98-18, Centre for Information-Intensive Systems, New York University, New York, 1998, accessible at http://jmis.bentley.edu/rmm/papers/RMM-Extended.pdfGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Palanque, Ph. and Bastide, R., Synergistic modelling of tasks, system and users using formal specification techniques, Interacting With Computers, Vol. 9, No. 12, 1997, pp. 129–153.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Paternò, F., Mancini, C., and Meniconi, S., ConcurTaskTrees: A Diagrammatic Notation for Specifying Task Models, in S. Howard, J. Hammond, G. Lindgaard (eds.), Proceedings of 6th IFIP TC 13 Conf. on Human-Computer Interaction Interact’97 (Sydney, 14–18 July 1997), Kluwer Academics, Dordrecht, 1997, pp. 362–369.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Puerta, A., Cheng, E., Ou, T., and Min, J., MOBILE: User-Centered Interface Building, in Proceedings of ACM Conf. on Human Aspects in computing Systems CHI’99 (Pittsburgh, 15–20 May 1999), ACM Press, New York, 1999, pp. 426–433.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Rossi, R., Schwabe, D., and Lyardet, F., Web Application Models are More than Conceptual Models, in P.P. Chen, D.W. Embley, J. Kouloumdjian, S.W. Liddle, J.F. Roddick (eds.), Advances in Conceptual Modeling, Proceedings of the ER’99 Workshops on Evolution and Change in Data Management, Reverse Engineering in Information Systems, and the World Wide Web and Conceptual Modeling (Paris, 15–18 November 1999), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1727, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999, pp. 239–253.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Stary, C., Task-and Model-Based Development of Interactive Software, in Proceedings of 15th IFIP World Computer Congress IFIP’98 (Vienna, 31 August–4 September 1998).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Strudel Home Page, accessible at http://www.research.att.com/sw/tools/strudelGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Szwillus, G. and Bomsdorf, B., Models for Task-Object-Based Web Site Management, in P. Forbrig, Q. Limbourg, B. Urban, J. Vanderdonckt (eds.), Proceedings of 9th International Workshop on Design, Specification, and Verification of Interactive Systems DSVIS’2002 (Rostock, 14–16 June 2002), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2545, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002, pp. 267–281.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Szwillus, G. and Bomsdorf, B., Task-Object Models for the Development of Interactive Web Sites, in Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction HCI International 2003 (Heraklion, 22–27 June 2003), Vol. 1, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, 2003, pp. 248–252.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    van der Veer, G., Lenting, B., and Bergevoet, B., Groupware Task Analysis — Modelling Complexity, Acta Psychologica, Vol. 91, 1996, pp. 297–322.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Vilain, P. and Schwabe, D., Improving the Web Application Design Process with UIDs, in Proc. of 2nd International Workshop on Web Oriented Software Technology IWWOST’2002 (Malaga, 10 June 2002), 2002, accessible at http://www.dsic.upv.es/~west2001/iwwost02/papers/vilain.pdfGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    WebML Home Page, accessible at http://webml.elet.polimi.it/webml.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Winckler, M., Barboni, E., Farenc, C., and Palanque, P., SWCEditor: A Model-based Tool for Interactive Modelling of Web Navigation, in R. Jacob, Q. Limbourg, J. Vanderdonckt (eds.), Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces CADUI’04 (Funchal, 13–16 January 2004), Kluwer Academics Pub., Dordrecht, 2004, pp. 55–66.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgit Bomsdorf
    • 1
  • Gerd Szwillus
    • 2
  1. 1.Fern Universität HagenHagenGermany
  2. 2.Fakultät EIM, Institut für InformatikUniversität PaderbornPaderbornGermany

Personalised recommendations