Principles of Basic and Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopy

  • D.A. Bonnell
  • R. Shao
Part of the NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry book series (NAII, volume 186)


Understanding the behavior of complex materials such as organic self-assembled monolayers, molecular and nano wires, transition metal oxide thin films, is facilitated by probes of local properties. Recent extensions of scanning probe microscopy that extract electrical potential, capacitance, dielectric constant, electromechanical coupling coefficients and impedance, are described. In most cases, these complex properties are accessed by stimulations and/or response function detection with multiple frequency modulations. Several illustrative example include determination of the electronic structure of individual defects in a carbon nanotube, ferroelectric domain interactions in oxide thin films, and electric potential of an alkanethiol on metal.


Scanning probe microscopy multiple modulation spatial resolution complex materials molecular wires ferroelectric domains 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • D.A. Bonnell
    • 1
  • R. Shao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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