Virus and Phytoplasma Diseases of Passion Fruit



Commercial Passiflora species are vigorous woody perennial vines. The edible commercial species of passion fruit are probably originated on the edges of South American rainforests in the Amazon region of Brazil and possibly in Paraguay and northern Argentina. The purple passion fruit crops best at higher altitudes above 2000 m in the tropics while the golden passion fruit and hybrids are superior in the low lands. Several virus and virus- like diseases have been reported on passion fruit world- wide. These include, passion fruit woodiness virus, ring spot virus, latent carlavirus, mosaic virus, chlorotic spot, yellow mosaic tymovirus, purple granadilla mosaic virus, vein clearing rhabdovirus, tomato ringspot virus, maracuja mosaic tobamovirus and passion fruit mottle potyvirus etc. A phytoplasma disease causing witches’ broom disease has also been reported. Diagnosis and management of these diseases of passion fruit are discussed in this chapter.


Mosaic Virus Ivory Coast Passion Fruit Soybean Mosaic Virus Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus 
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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Regional StationAgricultural College EstatePune MaharashtraIndia

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