Advertisement

Using On-Line Geographical Visualisation Tools to Improve Land Use Decision-Making with a Bottom-Up Community Participatory Approach

Jewell Station Neighbourhood - Case Study
  • C. Pettit
  • A. Nelson
  • W. Cartwright

Abstract

This paper examines the development of a prototype suite of on-line integrated multimedia-GIS tools to assist in bottom up decision-making. These tools are being developed in the context of scenario planning to enable the community to actively explore different land use options and the implication of government structure and strategic plans. A case study approach is undertaken, focusing on the Jewell Station Neighbourhood, situated in the City of Moreland, Greater Melbourne Region, Australia. The paper documents the first stage of the project, in developing three land use scenarios delivered through a range of technologies including: VRML, HTML, GIS, Pixmaker and Flash. The paper concludes by outlining the future directions of this research that include: the construction of a virtual sandbox, usability testing, and community consultation.

Keywords

Scenario Planning Geographical Visualisation GIS Multimedia VRML 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, E., 2001. “INDEX: Software for Community Indicators”, Planning Support Systems, in: R. K. Brail and R. E. Klosterman (eds.). Redlands, ESRI Press, p. 229–261.Google Scholar
  2. Brail, R. K. and R. E. Klosterman, 2001, Planning Support Systems, ESRI Press, Redlands.Google Scholar
  3. Cartwright, W. E., B. Williams, C. Pettit, 2003, “Geographical Visualization Using Rich Media and Enhanced GIS”, MODSIM 2003-International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Townsville, Queensland, Australia, MSSANZ. 14–17th July 2003.Google Scholar
  4. DOI, 2002, Melbourne 2030: Planning for Sustainable Growth, Melbourne, Victorian Department of Infrastructure: 202.Google Scholar
  5. EPA, 2000, Projecting Land-Use Change: A Summary of Models for Assessing the Effects of Community Growth and Change on Land-Use Patterns, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington.Google Scholar
  6. Forester, J., 1999, The deliberative practitioner: encouraging participatory planning processes, MIT Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  7. Geertman, S., 2002, “Participatory planning and GIS: a PSS to bridge the gap”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 29, p. 21–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geertman, S. and J. Stillwell, 2002, Planning Support Systems in Practice, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  9. Harris, B., 1989, “Beyond geographical information systems: Computers and the planning professional”, Journal of American Planning Association, 55, p. 85–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harris, B. and M. Batty, 1993, “Locational Models, Geographical Information and Planning Support Systems”, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 12, p. 184–198.Google Scholar
  11. Hudson-Smith, A. and S. Evans, 2003. “Virtual cities: from CAD to 3-D GIS”, Advanced Spatial Analysis, in: P. Longley and M. Batty (eds.). Redlands, ESRI Press, p. 41–60.Google Scholar
  12. Ingram, F., 1994, “Visual cues: How things look and work”, Proceedings from the Multimedia and Design Conference, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 26–28th September 1994.Google Scholar
  13. Jankowski, P., 1995, “Integrating Geographical Information Systems and Multiple Criteria Decision-Making Methods”, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 9(3), p. 251–273.Google Scholar
  14. Jankowski, P. and T. Nyerges, 2001, Geographical Information Systems for Group Decision Making, Taylor & Francis, London.Google Scholar
  15. Kingston, R., A. Evans, et al., 2002. “Public Participation via On-line Democracy”, Planning Support Systems in Practice, in: S. Geertman and J. Stillwell (eds.). Berlin, Springer, p. 43–64.Google Scholar
  16. Klosterman, R. E., 2001. “Planning Support Systems: A New Perspective on Computer-aided Planning”, Planning Support Systems, in: R. K. Brail and R. E. Klosterman (eds.). Redlands, p. 1–25.Google Scholar
  17. Malczewski, J., 2004, “GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview”, Progress in Planning (in press).Google Scholar
  18. Nyerges, T. and P. Jankowski, 2002, “Data-gathering strategies for social-behavioural research about participatory, geographical information system use.” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 16(1), p. 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pettit, C. and A. Nelson, 2003, “Developing an On-line Public Participatory Planning Support System for Natural Resource Management”, Spatial Sciences 2003: Spatial Knowledge Without Boundaries, Canberra, Australia, Spatial Sciences Coalition, 22–27th September.Google Scholar
  20. Pettit, C., T. Shyy, et al., 2002. “An On-line Planning Support System to Evaluate Urban and Regional Planning Scenarios”, Planning Support Systems in Practice, in: S. Geertman and J. Stillwell (eds.). London, Springer-Verlag, p. 331–348.Google Scholar
  21. Pullar, D., 2001, “Using VRML to Visualise Landscape Change and Process”, Cartography, 31(1), p. 1–9.Google Scholar
  22. Sharp, L. and L. Sharp, 1994, “Interface design aspects for educational multimedia”, Proceeding from the Multimedia and Design Conference, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 26–28th September 1994.Google Scholar
  23. Shen, Z. and M. Kawakami, 2003, “Study on Development of On-line Cooperative Planning and Design System Using VRML and JAVA”, The 8th International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management, Sendai, Japan, CUPUM. 27–29th May 2003.Google Scholar
  24. Shiffer, M., 1992, “Towards a collaborative planning system”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 19, p. 709–722.Google Scholar
  25. Shiffer, M., 1995a, “Environmental review with hypermedia systems”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 22, p. 359–372.Google Scholar
  26. Shiffer, M., 1995b, “interactive multimedia planning support: moving from stand-alone systems to the World Wide Web”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 22, p. 649–664.Google Scholar
  27. Shunfu, H., 2003. “Web-based Multimedia GIS: Exploring Interactive Maps and Associated Multimedia Information on the Internet”, Maps and the Internet, in: M. P. Peterson (eds.). Oxford, Elsevier Science, p. 335–344.Google Scholar
  28. Stillwell, J., 2003, “Planning Support Systems in Practice”, The 8th Conference on Computer in Urban Planning and Urban Management, Sendai, Japan CUPUM. 27–29th May 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Pettit
    • 1
  • A. Nelson
    • 1
  • W. Cartwright
    • 1
  1. 1.RMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations