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Dynamic Interaction between PARP-1, PCNA and p21waf1/cip1

  • Ennio Prosperi
  • A. Ivana Scovassi
Part of the Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit book series (MBIU)

Abstract

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1) plays a crucial role in DNA repair and interacts with many DNA replication/repair factors, including the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a protein involved in many DNA transactions. The association between these proteins in vitro results in the inhibition of PARP-1 activity and of PCNA-dependent DNA synthesis carried out by DNA polymerase δ. In vivo, the interaction of the two proteins has been shown to increase after DNA damage. The activity of PCNA is regulated by p21waf1/cip1, which binds the interdomain connector loop of PCNA in the same region involved in the interaction of PCNA with DNA polymerase δ. This feature enables p21 to compete with DNA polymerase δ to regulate the differential inhibition of DNA replication vs. DNA repair. The finding that PARP- 1 is associated with both PCNA and p21 suggests a possible cooperation of PARP-1 and p21 in regulating the functions of PCNA during DNA replication/repair.

Keywords

Proliferate Cell Nuclear Antigen Nucleotide Excision Repair Base Excision Repair Werner Syndrome Double Strand Break 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ennio Prosperi
    • 1
  • A. Ivana Scovassi
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Genetica Molecolare CNRPaviaItaly

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