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The Josephson Bifurcation Amplifier for Quantum Measurements

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Abstract

A new type of amplifier whose primary purpose is the readout of superconducting quantum bits is constructed. It is based on the transition of an RF-driven Josephson junction between two distinct oscillation states near a dynamical bifurcation point. The main advantages of this new amplifier are speed, high-sensitivity, low back-action, and the absence of on-chip dissipation. Using pulsed microwave techniques, bifurcation amplification in nanofabricated Al junctions is demonstrated and the performance predicted by theory is verified.

Keywords

  • Quantum Measurement
  • Signal Phase
  • Oscillation State
  • Escape Rate
  • Dynamical Switching

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Siddiqi, I. et al. (2006). The Josephson Bifurcation Amplifier for Quantum Measurements. In: Ruggiero, B., Delsing, P., Granata, C., Pashkin, Y., Silvestrini, P. (eds) Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-31143-2_4

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