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Bacteriophage Lambda Terminase and the Mechanism of Viral DNA Packaging

  • Michael Feiss
  • Carlos Enrique Catalano
Part of the Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit book series (MBIU)

Abstract

The developmental pathways of many double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viruses, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic, are remarkably similar. In viruses as diverse as bacteriophage λ and the herpesviruses, DNA replication proceeds through a rolling circle mechanism where the circular genome serves as a template for the synthesis of linear concatemers multiple genomes in length. Concurrently, viral gene expression produces structural proteins, which self-assemble into procapsids and, in the case of the bacteriophage, tails necessary to assemble an infectious virion. Virus assembly requires that monomeric virion DNA molecules be produced from concatemers during packaging of the DNA into a procapsid. Thus, packaging represents the convergence of the DNA replication and capsid shell assembly pathways. Genome packaging in bacteriophage λ has been extensively studied and this system has been used as a paradigm for virus assembly. Here we summarize current knowledge, present a working model, and indicate issues worthy of further investigation.

Keywords

Bacteriophage Lambda Integration Host Factor Strand Separation Terminase Subunit Portal Complex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Eurekah.com and Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Feiss
    • 1
  • Carlos Enrique Catalano
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical ChemistryThe University of Colorado School of PharmacyDenverUSA

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