• Rocco G. Ciocca


Stroke as a consequence of cerebral vascular disease is very prevalent, and, as the population continues to age, it most likely will become increasingly common. The individual and societal costs of strokes are very high. As a physician or healthcare provider, one must be aware of the pathophysiology as well as of the risk factors that may increase a patient’s risk of stroke. The signs and symptoms of cerebral vascular disease have been discussed in detail in this chapter. An overview of appropriate diagnostic studies has been provided as well as a discussion of appropriate prophylactic and therapeutic interventions.


Internal Carotid Artery Carotid Endarterectomy Carotid Stenosis Asymptomatic Carotid Carotid Surgery 
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Selected Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rocco G. Ciocca
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Vascular SurgeryUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolNew BrunswickUSA

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