Taxonomy and Distributions of Mesoamerican Primates

  • Anthony B. Rylands
  • Colin P. Groves
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
  • Liliana Cortés-Ortiz
  • Justin J. H. Hines
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alfaro, A. 1897, Mamíferos de Costa Rica. Tipografía Nacional, San José, Costa Rica, 51 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, J. A. 1908, Mammals from Nicaragua. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 24:647–670.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, J. A. 1910, Additional mammals from Nicaragua. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 28:87–115.Google Scholar
  4. Allen, J. A. 1914, New South American monkeys. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33:647–655.Google Scholar
  5. Anthony, H. E. 1916, Panama mammals collected in 1914–1915. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 35:357–375.Google Scholar
  6. Aquino, R. and Encarnación, F. 1994, Primates of Peru/Los Primates del Perüu. Primates Rep. (35):1–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Arauz, J. 1993, Estado de conservación del mono tití (Saimiri oerstedi citrinellus) en su área de distribución original, Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica. MSc Thesis, Universidad Nacional Autónoma (UNA), Heredia, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  8. Baldwin, J. D. and Baldwin, J. I. 1972, The ecology and behavior of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri oerstedi) in a natural forest in western Panama. Folia Primatol. 18:161–184.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Baldwin, J. D. and Baldwin, J. I. 1976, Primate populations in Chiriquí, Panama, in R. W. Thorington Jr. and P. G. Heltne, eds., Neotropical Primates: Field Studies and Conservation, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, pp. 20–31.Google Scholar
  10. Baldwin, J. D. and Baldwin, J. I. 1977, Observations on Cebus capucinus in southwestern Panama. Primates 18:937–941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Barbosa, C., Fajardo-P., A., Giraldo, H., and Rodríguez-M., J. V. 1988, Evaluación del hábitat y status del mono tití de cabeza blanca, Saguinus oedipus Linnaeus, 1758, en Colombia. Unpublished Final Report of Status of Cotton-top Tamarin in Colombia Project, INDERENA, Bogotá.Google Scholar
  12. Bartlett, A. S. and Barghoorn, E. S. 1973, Phytogeographic history of the Isthmus of Panama during the past 12,000 years, in A. Graham, ed., Vegetation and Vegetational History of Northern Latin America, Elsevier, New York, pp. 203–299.Google Scholar
  13. Boinski, S. 1985, Status of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedi) in Costa Rica. Primate Conserv. (6):15–16.Google Scholar
  14. Boinski, S. 1987, The status of Saimiri oerstedi citrinellus in Costa Rica. Primate Conserv. (8):67–72.Google Scholar
  15. Boinski, S. and Cropp, S. 1999, Disparate data sets resolve squirrel monkey (Saimiri) taxonomy: Implications for behavioral ecology and biochemical usage. Int. J. Primatol. 20:237–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Boinski, S., Jack, K., Lamarsh, C., and Coltrane, J. A. 1998, Squirrel monkeys in Costa Rica: Drifting to extinction. Oryx 32:45–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Burt, W. H. and Stirton, R. A. 1961, The mammals of El Salvador. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (117):1–69.Google Scholar
  18. Cabrera. A. 1940, Los nombres científicos de algunos monos americanos. Ciencia México 1(9):402–405.Google Scholar
  19. Cabrera, A. 1958, Catalogo de los mamíferos de América del Sur. Rev. Mus. Argentino de Cienc. Nat. “Bernardino Rivadavia” 4(1):1–307.Google Scholar
  20. Carpenter, C. R. 1935, Behavior of red spider monkeys in Panama. J. Mamm. 16:171–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Carriker Jr., M. A. 1909–1910, An annotated list of the birds of Costa Rica including Cocos Island. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 6:314–915.Google Scholar
  22. Cody, M. L. 1994, Introduction to Gran Reserva Biológica “Río Indio-Maíz”: Site, Flora and Fauna, in M. L. Cody, ed., Refugio Bartola and the Gran Reserva Biológica “Río Indio-Maíz”: Field Ecology Reports, Lowland Tropical Rainforest, Southeastern Nicaragua, Department of Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, pp. 4–31.Google Scholar
  23. Collins, A. C. 1999, Species status of the Colombian spider monkey, Ateles belzebuth hybridus. Neotrop. Primates 7(2):39–41.Google Scholar
  24. Collins, A. C. and Dubach, J. 2000, Phylogenetic relationships of spider monkeys (Ateles) based on mitochondrial DNA variation. Int. J. Primatol. 21(3):381–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cortés-Ortiz, L., Bermingham, E., Rico, C., Rodríguez-Luna, E., Sampaio, I., and Ruiz-Garcia, M. 2003, Molecular systematics and biogeography of the Neotropical monkey genus, Alouatta. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 26:64–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Costello, R. K., Dickinson, C., Rosenberger, A. L., Boinski, S., and Szalay, F. S. 1993, Squirrel monkey (genus Saimiri) taxonomy: A multidisciplinary study of the biology of the species, in W. H. Kimbel and L. B. Martin, eds., Species, Species Concepts, and Primate Evolution, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 177–210.Google Scholar
  27. Crockett, C. M., Brooks, R. D., Crockett Meacham, R., Crockett Meacham, S., and Mills, M. 1997, Recent observations of Nicaraguan primates and a preliminary conservation assessment. Neotrop. Primates 5(3):71–75.Google Scholar
  28. Cropp, S. J. and Boinski, S. 2000, The Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii): Introduced hybrid or endemic species? Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 16:350–365.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Curdts, T. 1993, Distribución geográfica de las dos especies de mono zaraguate que habitan en Guatemala, Alouatta palliata y Alouatta pigra, in A. Estrada, E. Rodríguez-Luna, R. Lopes-Wilchis, and R. Coates-Estrada, eds., Estudios Primatológicos en México, Vol. 1, Universidad Veracruzana, Veracruz, pp. 317–329.Google Scholar
  30. Dahl, J. F. 1984, Primate survey in proposed reserve area in Belize. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Newsl. (4):28–29.Google Scholar
  31. Dahl, J. F. 1987, Conservation of primates in Belize, Central America. Primate Conserv. (8):119–121.Google Scholar
  32. Defler, T. R. 1994, La conservación de primates en Colombia. Trianea (Act. Cien. INDERENA) 5:255–287.Google Scholar
  33. Defler, T. R. 2003, Primates de Colombia. Conservación Internacional Serie de Guías Tropicales de Campo, Conservaciópn Internacional Colombia, Bogotá.Google Scholar
  34. Defler, T. R. and Bueno, M. L. 2003. Karyological guidelines for Aotus taxonomy. Am. J. Primatol. 60(Suppl. 1):134–135.Google Scholar
  35. Defler, T. R., Bueno, M. L., and Hernández-Camacho, J. I. 2001, Taxonomic status of Aotus hershkovitzi: Its relationship to Aotus lemurinus lemurinus. Neotrop. Primates 9:37–52.Google Scholar
  36. Defler, T. R., Rodríguez-M., J. V., and Hernández-Camacho, J. I. 2003, Conservation priorities for Colombian primates. Primate Conserv. (19):10–18.Google Scholar
  37. Eisenberg, J. F. 1989, Mammals of the Neotropics: The Northern Neotropics Vol. 1, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana. The Chicago University Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  38. Elliot, D. G. 1912a, New species of monkeys of the genera Seniocebus, Alouatta, and Aotus. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 31:31–33.Google Scholar
  39. Elliot, D. G. 1912b, Description of a new species of Oedipomidas. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 31:137.Google Scholar
  40. Elliot, D. G. 1913, A Review of Primates. Monograph Series, American Museum of Natural History, New York.Google Scholar
  41. Elliot, D. G. 1914, The genera Oedipomidas and Seniocebus. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33:643–645.Google Scholar
  42. Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. 1997, Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide. 2nd Edn. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  43. Encarnación, F. and Cook, A. G. 1998, Primates of the tropical forest of the Pacific coast of Peru: The Tumbes Reserved Zone. Primate Conserv. (18):15–20.Google Scholar
  44. Estrada, A. and Coates-Estrada, R. 1984, Some observations on the present distribution and conservation of Alouatta and Ateles in southern Mexico. Am. J. Primatol. 7:133–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Estrada, A., Van Belle, S., Luecke, L., and Rosales, M. 2004, Primate populations in the protected forests of Mayan archaeological sites in southern Mexico. Am. J. Primatol. 62(Suppl. 1):77.Google Scholar
  46. Ford, S. M. 1994, Taxonomy and distribution of the owl monkey, in J. F. Baer, R. E. Weller, and I. Kakoma, eds., Aotus: The Owl Monkey, Alan R. Liss, New York, pp. 1–57.Google Scholar
  47. Froehlich, J. W. and Froehlich, P. H. 1986, Dermatoglyphics and subspecific systematics of mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata), in D. M. Taub and F. A. King, eds., Current Perspectives in Primate Biology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp. 107–121.Google Scholar
  48. Froehlich, J. W. and Froehlich, P. H. 1987, The status of Panama’s endemic howling monkeys. Primate Conserv. (8):58–62.Google Scholar
  49. Froehlich, J. W., Supriatna, J., and Froehlich, P. H. 1991, Morphometric analyses of Ateles: Systematic and biogeographic implications. Am. J. Primatol. 25:1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. García-Orduña, F. and Canales-Espinosa, D. 1995, Situación de poblaciones de Alouatta palliata (mono aullador) en dos localidades del Estado de Veracruz, México. Neotrop. Primates 3(2):37–38.Google Scholar
  51. García-Orduña, F., Canales-Espinosa, D., Vea, J., and Rodríguez-Luna, E. 1999, Current distribution of Alouatta palliata mexicana and Alouatta pigra in Tabasco, Mexico: Preliminary Report. VII Simposio Nacional de Primatologia, Catemaco, Veracruz, 6–8 Septiembre, 1999, Asociación Mexicana de Primatología, Catemaco, Veracruz, México, In Spanish, p. 3.Google Scholar
  52. Goldman, E. A. 1914, Descriptions of five new mammals from Panama. Smithson. Misc. Coll. 63(5):1–7.Google Scholar
  53. Goldman, E. A. 1915, A new spider monkey from Panama. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 28:101–102.Google Scholar
  54. Gray, J. E. 1843, List of the Specimens of Mammalia in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum, London.Google Scholar
  55. Gray, J. E. 1845, On the howling monkeys (Mycetes, Illiger). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 1, 16:217–221.Google Scholar
  56. Gray, J. E. 1849, Description of two species of Mammalia from Caraccas. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1849:7–10.Google Scholar
  57. Gray, J. E. 1870, Catalogue of Monkeys, Lemurs and Fruit-eating Bats in the Collection of the British Museum. Trustees of the British Museum, London.Google Scholar
  58. Groves, C. P. 1993, Order Primates, in D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder, eds., Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd Edn., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, pp. 243–277.Google Scholar
  59. Groves, C. P. 2001, PrimateTaxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  60. Hall, E. R. 1981, The Mammals of North America. Vol. 1. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  61. Hall, E. R. and Kelson, K. R. 1959, The Mammals of North America. Vol. 1. The Ronald Press Co., New York.Google Scholar
  62. Handley, Jr., C. O. 1966, Checklist of the mammals of Panama, in R. L. Wetzel and V. J. Tipton, eds., Ectoparasites of Panama, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, pp. 753–795.Google Scholar
  63. Hanihara, T. and Natori, M. 1987, Preliminary analysis of numerical taxonomy of the genus Saguinus based on dental measurements. Primates 28(4):517–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Heltne, P. G. and Kunkel, L. M. 1975, Taxonomic notes on the pelage of Ateles paniscus paniscus, A. p. chamek (sensu Kellogg and Goldman, 1944) and A. fusciceps rufiventris (= A. f. robustus, Kellogg and Goldman, 1944). J. Med. Primatol. 4:83–102.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Hernández-Camacho, J. and Cooper, R. W. 1976, The non-human primates of Colombia, in R. W. Thorington, Jr. and P. G. Heltne, eds., Neotropical Primates: Field Studies and Conservation, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, pp. 35–69.Google Scholar
  66. Hernández-Camacho, J. and Defler, T. R. 1991, Algunos aspectos de la conservación de primates no-humanos en Colombia, in C. J. Saavedra, R. A. Mittermeier, and I. B. Santos, eds., La Primatología en Latinoamérica, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC, pp. 67–100.Google Scholar
  67. Hershkovitz, P. 1949, Mammals of northern Colombia. Preliminary report No. 4: Monkeys (Primates), with taxonomic revisions of some forms. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 98:323–427.Google Scholar
  68. Hershkovitz, P. 1969, The evolution of mammals on southern continents. VI. The recent mammals of the neotropical region: A zoogeographic and ecological review. Quart. Rev. Biol. 44(1):1–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Hershkovitz, P. 1977, Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini) with an Introduction to Primates, Vol. 1. Chicago University Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  70. Hershkovitz, P. 1983, Two new species of night monkeys, genus Aotus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): A preliminary report on Aotus taxonomy. Am. J. Primatol. 4:209–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Hershkovitz, P. 1984, Taxonomy of squirrel monkeys, genus Saimiri (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): A preliminary report with description of a hitherto unnamed form. Am. J. Primatol. 7:155–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Hill, W. C. O. 1957, Primates. Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy III. Hapalidae. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  73. Hill, W. C. O. 1960, Primates. Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy IV. Cebidae Part A. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  74. Hill, W. C. O. 1962, Primates. Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy V. Cebidae Part B. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  75. Hines, J. J. 2004, Taxonomic status of Ateles geoffroyi in northern Honduras. Am. J. Primatol. 62(Suppl. 1):79–80.Google Scholar
  76. Hollister, N. 1914, Four new mammals from tropical America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 27:103–106.Google Scholar
  77. Horwich, R. H. 1983, Species status of the black howler monkey, Alouatta pigra, of Belize. Primates 24:288–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Horwich, R. H. and Johnson, E. D. 1984, Geographic distribution and status of the black howler monkey. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Newsl. (4):25–27.Google Scholar
  79. Horwich, R. H. and Johnson, E. D. 1986, Geographical distribution of the black howler (Alouatta pigra) in Central America. Primates 27:53–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Hubrecht, R. C. 1986, Operation Raleigh primate census in the Maya Mountains, Belize. Primate Conserv. (7):15–17.Google Scholar
  81. Jones Jr., J. K., Genoways, H. H., and Smith, J. D. 1974, Annotated checklist of mammals of the Yucatáan Peninsula. III. Marsupialia, Insectivora, Primates, Edentata, Lagomorpha. Occ. Pap. Texas Tech University (23):1–12.Google Scholar
  82. Kellogg, R. and Goldman, E. A. 1944, Review of the spider monkeys. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 96:1–45.Google Scholar
  83. Konstant, W., Mittermeier, R. A., and Nash, S. D. 1985, Spider monkeys in captivity and in the wild. Primate Conserv. (5):82–109.Google Scholar
  84. Kunkel, L. M., Heltne, P. G., and Borgaonkar, D. S. 1980, Chromosomal variation and zoogeography in Ateles. Int. J. Primatol. 1(3):223–232.Google Scholar
  85. Lawrence, B. 1933, Howler monkeys of the palliata group. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. (Harvard University) 75:314–354.Google Scholar
  86. Luecke, L. 2004, Distribution of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Mesoamerica: A GIS analysis. Am. J. Primatol. 62(Suppl. 1):75–76.Google Scholar
  87. Marineros, L. and Gallegos, F. M. 1998, Guía de Campo de los Mamíferos de Honduras. Instituto Nacional de Ambiente y Desarrollo, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.Google Scholar
  88. Mast, R. B., Rodríguez, J. V., and Mittermeier, R. A. 1993, The Colombian cotton-top tamarin in the wild, in N. K. Clapp, ed., A Primate Model for the Study of Colitis and Colonic Carcinoma: The Cotton-Top Tamarin (Saguinus oedipus), CRC Press, Inc., Oak Ridge, pp. 3–43.Google Scholar
  89. Matamoros, Y. and Seal, U. S. eds. 2001, Informe Final. Taller para la Conservación Asesoramiento y Manejo Planificado para los Primates Mesoamericanos, Parque Zoológico Simón Bolívar, San José, Costa Rica, 23–25 Junio 1997. IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), Apple Valley, Minnesota, 314 pp.Google Scholar
  90. McCarthy, T. J. 1982, Chironectes, Cyclopes, Cabassous and probably Cebus in southern Belize. Mammalia 46:397–400.Google Scholar
  91. Medeiros, M. A. A., Barros, R. M. S., Pieczarka, J. C., Nagamachi, C. Y., Ponsa, M., Garcia, M., Garcia, F., and Egozcue, J. 1997, Radiation and speciation of spider monkeys, genus Ateles, from the cytogenetic viewpoint. Am. J. Primatol. 42:167–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Merriam, C. H. 1902, Five new mammals from Mexico. Proc. Biol. Soc.Wash. 15:67–69.Google Scholar
  93. Mittermeier, R. A. and Coimbra-Filho, A. F. 1981, Systematics: Species and subspecies, in A. F. Coimbra-Filho and R. A. Mittermeier, eds., Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates, Vol. 1, Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 29–110.Google Scholar
  94. Mittermeier, R. A., Rylands, A. B., and Coimbra-Filho, A. F. 1988, Systematics: Species and subpecies—an update, in R. A. Mittermeier, A. B. Rylands, A. F. Coimbra-Filho, and G. A. B. da Fonseca, eds., Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates, Vol. 2, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC, pp. 13–75.Google Scholar
  95. Moore, A. J. and Cheverud, J. M. 1992, Systematics of the Saguinus oedipus group of the bare-faced tamarins: Evidence from facial morphology. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 89:73–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Moynihan, M. 1970, Some behavior patterns of platyrrhine monkeys II. Saguinus geoffroyi and some other tamarins. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (28):1–77.Google Scholar
  97. Moynihan, M. 1976, The New World Primates: Adaptive Radiation and the Evolution of Social Behavior, Languages and Intelligence. Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  98. Napier, P. H. 1976, Catalogue of the Primates in the British Museum (Natural History). Part I. Families Callitrichidae and Cebidae. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  99. Parra Lara, A. del C. and Jorgenson, J. P. 1998, Notes on the distribution and conservation status of spider and howler monkeys in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Primate Conserv. (19):25–29.Google Scholar
  100. Querol, D. et al. 1996, Especiesútiles de un bosque húmedo tropical: Güises Montaña Experimental, Río San Juan, Nicaragua. F. Campodónico F., Industria Gráfica S. A., Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  101. Ramos-Fernández, G. and Ayala-Orozco, B. 2003, Population size and habitat use of spider monkeys at Punta Laguna, Mexico, in L. K. Marsh, ed., Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 191–209.Google Scholar
  102. Reid, F. A. 1997, A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  103. Rodríguez-Luna, E., Cortés-Ortiz, L., Mittermeier, R. A., and Rylands, A. B. 1996, Plan de Acción para los Primates Mesoamericanos. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, 121 pp.Google Scholar
  104. Rodríguez-Luna, E., Vea, J., García-Orduña, F., Canales-Espinosa D., and Cortés-Ortiz, L. 2001, Zone of sympatry of Alouatta palliata and Alouatta pigra in Tabasco (Mexico): Mixed populations in fragmented habitat. I Congresso Mexicano de Primatología, Merida, Yucatán, 2–5 Septiembre, 2001: Programa y Resumenes, Asociación Mexicana de Primatología, Merida, Yucatán, México, In Spanish, p. 27.Google Scholar
  105. Rodríguez-Vargas, A. R. 2003, Analysis of the hypothetical population structure of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii) in Panamá, in L. K. Marsh, ed., Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 53–62.Google Scholar
  106. Rossan, R. N. and Baerg, D. C. 1977, Laboratory and feral hybridization of Ateles geoffroyi panamensis Kellogg and Goldman, 1944 and A. fusciceps robustus Allen, 1914 in Panama. Primates 18(1):235–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Rowe, N. 2000, Records of howlers (Alouatta) on the Azuero Peninsula and Canal Zone of Panama. Neotrop. Primates 8:154–156.Google Scholar
  108. Rylands, A. B. 1993, The bare-face tamarins Saguinus oedipus oedipus and Saguinus oedipus geoffroyi: Subspecies or species? Neotrop. Primates 1(2):4–5.Google Scholar
  109. Rylands, A. B., Coimbra-Filho, A. F., and Mittermeier, R. A. 1993, Systematics, distributions, and some notes on the conservation status of the Callitrichidae, in A. B. Rylands, ed., Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics, Behaviour, and Ecology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 11–77.Google Scholar
  110. Rylands, A. B., Mittermeier, R. A., and Rodríguez-Luna, E. 1995, A species list for the New World primates (Platyrrhini): Distribution by country, endemism, and conservation status according to the Mace-Lande system. Neotrop. Primates 3(Suppl.):113–160.Google Scholar
  111. Rylands, A. B., Schneider, H., Langguth, A., Mittermeier, R. A., Groves, C. P., and Rodríguez-Luna, E. 2000, An assessment of the diversity of New World primates. Neotrop. Primates 8(2):61–93.Google Scholar
  112. Schultz, A. H. 1960, Age changes and variability in the skulls of and teeth of Central American monkeys, Alouatta, Cebus and Ateles. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 133:337–390.Google Scholar
  113. Sclater, P. L. 1871, Additions to the Society’s menagerie in April, 1871. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1871:478.Google Scholar
  114. Sclater, P. L. 1872, On the Quadrumana found in America north of Panama. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1872:2–9.Google Scholar
  115. Serio-Silva, J. C. and Rico-Gray, V. 2004, Mexican primates in the Yucatán Peninsula: Priority area for conservation in Mesoamerica. Am. J. Primatol. 62(Suppl. 1):79.Google Scholar
  116. Sierra, C., Jiménez, I., Altrichter, M., Fernández, M., Gómez, G., González, J., Hernández, C., Herrera, H., Jiménez, B., López-Arévalo, H., Millán, J., Mora, G., and E. Tabilo, E. 2003, New data on the distribution and abundance of Saimiri oerstedtii citrinellus. Primate Conserv. (19):5–9.Google Scholar
  117. Silva, B. T. F., Sampaio, M. I. C., Schneider, H., Schneider, M. P. C., Montoya, E., Encarnación, F., Callegari-Jacques, S. M., and Salzano, F. M. 1993, Protein electrophoretic variability in Saimiri and the question of its species status. Am. J. Primatol. 29:183–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Silva-López, G. 1998, Distribution and status of the primates of Guatemala. Primate Conserv. (18):30–41.Google Scholar
  119. Silva-López, G., Motta-Gill, J., and Sánchez-Hernández, A. I. 1995, The Primates of Guatemala: Distribution and Status. Unpublished Report. NYZS, The Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.Google Scholar
  120. Silva-López, G., Motta-Gill, J., and Sánchez-Hernández, A. I. 1996, Taxonomic notes on Ateles geoffroyi. Neotrop. Primates 4(2):41–44.Google Scholar
  121. Silva-López, G. and Rumiz, D. 1995, Los primates de la Reserva Río Bravo, Belice. Ciencia y el Hombre (20):49–64.Google Scholar
  122. Skinner, C. 1985, Report on a field study of Geoffroy’s tamarin in Panama. Primate Conserv. (5):22–24.Google Scholar
  123. Skinner, C. 1991, Justification for reclassifying Geoffroy’s tamarin from Saguinus oedipus geoffroyi to Saguinus geoffroyi. Prim. Rep. 31:77–83.Google Scholar
  124. Smith, J. D. 1970, The systematic status of the black howler monkey, Alouatta pigra Lawrence. J. Mammal. 51:358–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Thomas, O. 1904, New forms of Saimiri, Saccopteryx, Balantiopteryx, and Thrichomys from the Neotropical region. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 13(7):188–196.Google Scholar
  126. Thorington Jr., R. W. 1976, The systematics of New World monkeys. First Interamerican Conference on Conservation and Utilization of American Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Washington, DC, pp. 8–18.Google Scholar
  127. Thorington Jr., R. W. 1985, The taxonomy and distribution of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri). In: L. A. Rosenblum and C. L. Coe, eds., Handbook of Squirrel Monkey Research. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 1–33.Google Scholar
  128. Timm, R. M. 1988, A review and appraisal of the night monkey, Aotus lemurinus (Primates, Cebidae) in Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 36(2B):537–540.Google Scholar
  129. Timm, R. M., Wilson, D. E., Clauson, B. L., LaVal, R. K., and Vaughan, C. S. 1989, Mammals of La Selva—Braulio Carrillo complex, Costa Rica. North American Fauna, US Fish Wildl. Serv. Publ. 75:1–162.Google Scholar
  130. Tirira, S. D. ed. 2001, Libro Rojo de Los Mamíferos de Ecuador. Sociedad para la Invetigaci ón y Monitoreo de la Biodiversidad Ecuatorania (SIMBIOE)/Ecociencias/ Ministerio del Ambiente/UICN. Serie Libros Rojos del Ecuador, Tomo 1. Publicación Especial sobre los Mamíferos del Ecuador.Google Scholar
  131. Torres, O. M., Enciso, S., Ruiz, F., Silva, E., and Yunis, I. 1998, Chromosome diversity in the genus Aotus from Colombia. Am. J. Primatol. 44:255–275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Vargas, T. N. 1994, Evaluación de las poblaciones de primates en dos sectores del Parque Nacional Natural “Las Orquídeas”, Departamento de Antioquia. Unpublished Manuscript.Google Scholar
  133. Vaughan, C. 1983, A report on dense forest habitat for endangered wildlife species in Costa Rica. Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica, 66 pp.Google Scholar
  134. Watts, E. S. and Rico-Gray, V. 1987, Los Primates de la Península de Yucatán, México: Estudio preliminar sobre su situación actual y estado de conservación. Biótica 12(1):57–66.Google Scholar
  135. Watts, E. S., Rico-Gray, V., and Chan, C. 1986, Monkeys of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico: Preliminary survey of their distribution and status. Primate Conserv. (7):17–22.Google Scholar
  136. Wong, G. 1990, Uso del hábitat, estimación de la composición y densidad poblacional del mono tití (Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus) en la zona de Manuel Antonio, Quepos, Costa Rica. MSc Thesis, Universidad Nacional Autónoma (UNA), Heredia, Costa Rica.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Spring Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony B. Rylands
    • 1
  • Colin P. Groves
    • 2
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
    • 3
  • Liliana Cortés-Ortiz
    • 4
  • Justin J. H. Hines
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for Applied Biodiversity ScienceConservation InternationalWashington, DC
  2. 2.School of Archaeology and AnthropologyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Conservation InternationalWashington DC
  4. 4.Centro de Investigaciones TropicalesUniversidad VeracruzanaXalapa, VeracruzMéxico
  5. 5.School of Archaeology and AnthropologyAustralian National UniversityCanberra

Personalised recommendations