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Economic Criteria for the Multilateral Distribution of Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation Funds

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Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 27)

Abstract

Enough concern has developed internationally over the need to conserve agricultural genetic resources that a multilateral system of access and benefit sharing with regards to key crops has been proposed by the United Nations, including suggestions for funding conservation of agricultural genetic resources in developing countries. This chapter addresses the question of what is the most economically efficient method of distributing the funds among countries and world regions, given the available data. An overview of the economics of investment in agricultural genetic resources conservation along with a theoretical dynamic model is presented. Next, a proxy indicator for regional allocation of conservation funds is developed. Finally, mechanisms for in situ conservation are proposed.

Key words

agricultural production agriculture biodiversity centers of diversity current value Hamiltonian in situ conservation International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture plant genetic resources for food and agriculture 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service (United States Department of Agriculture)Washington DCUSA

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