Advertisement

Rare Earth pp 83-112 | Cite as

How to Build Animals

Keywords

Fossil Record Trace Fossil Animal Life Prokaryotic Cell Continental Drift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Chapter 5. How to Build Animals

  1. Akam, M., et al., eds. 1994. The evolution of developmental mechanisms. Cambridge, England: The Company of Biologists, Ltd.Google Scholar
  2. Brasier, M. D.; Shields, G.; Kuleshoy, V. N.; and Zhegallos, E. A. 1996. Integrated chemoand biostratigraphic calibration of early animal evolution: Neoproterozoic-early Cambrian of southwest Mongolia. Geological Magazine 133:445–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowring, S. A., Grotzinger, J. P.; Isachsen, C. E.; Knoll, A. H.; Pelechaty, S. M.; and Kolosov, P. 1993. Calibrating rates of Early Cambrian evolution. Science 261:1293–1298.ADSPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carroll, S. B. 1995. Homeotic genes and the evolution of arthropods and chordates. Nature 376:479–485.CrossRefADSPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, J.-Y., and Erdtmann, B.-D. 1991. Lower Cambrian fossil lagerstatte from Chengjiang, Yunnan, China: Insights for reconstructing early metazoan life. In The early evolution of metazoa and the significance of problematic taxa, ed. A. M. Simonetta and S. Conway Morris, pp. 57–76. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  6. Conway Morris, S. 1997. Defusing the Cambrian “explosion”? Current Biology 7:R71–R74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crimes, T. P. 1994. The period of early evolutionary failure and the dawn of evolutionary success: The record of biotic changes across the Precambrian—Cambrian boundary. In The paleobiology of trace fossils, ed. S. K. Donovan, pp. 105–133. London: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Erwin, D. H. 1993. The origin of metazoan development. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 50:255–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Evans, D. A. 1998. True polar wander, a supercontinental legacy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 157:1–8.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Evans, D. A.; Beukes, N. J.; and Kirschvink, J. L. 1997. Low-latitude glaciation in the Paleoproterozoic era. Nature 386(6622):262–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Evans, D. A.; Ripperdan, R. L.; and Kirschvink, J. L. 1998. Polar wander and the Cambrian (response). Science 279:16. Full article accessible at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/279/5347/9a Google Scholar
  12. Evans, D. A.; Zhuravlev, A. Y.; Budney, C.J.; and Kirschvink, J. L. 1996. Paleomagnetism of the Bayan Gol Formation, western Mongolia. Geological Magazine 133:478–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fedonkin, M. A., and B. M. Waggoner. 1996. The Vendian fossil Kimberella: The oldest mollusk known. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Program. 28(7):A–53.Google Scholar
  14. Gerhart, J., and Kirschner, M. 1997. Cells, embryos, and evolution Toward a cellular and developmental understanding of phenotypic variation and evolutionary adaptability. Boston: Blackwell Science Inc.Google Scholar
  15. Grotzinger, J. P.; Bowring, S. A.; Saylor, B.; and Kauffman, A. J. 1995. New biostratigraphic and geochronological constraints on early animal evolution. Science 270:598–604.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kappen, C.; and Ruddle, F. H. 1993. Evolution of a regulatory gene family: HOM/Hox genes. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 3:931–938.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Knoll, A., and Carroll, S. 1999. Early animal evolution: Emerging views from comparative biology and geology. Science 284:2129–2137.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Knoll, A. H.; Kaufman, A.J.; Semikhatov, M. A.; Grotzinger, J. P.; and Adams, W. 1995. Sizing up the sub-Tommotian unconformity in Siberia. Geology 23:1139–1143.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Margulis, L., and Sagan, D. 1986. Microcosmos. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  20. Raff, R. A. 1996. The shape of life. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  21. Schwartzman, D., and Shore, S. 1996. Biotically mediated surface cooling and habitability for complex life. In Circumstellar habitable zones, ed. L. Doyle, pp. 421–443. Menlo Park, CA: Travis House.Google Scholar
  22. Seilacher, A.; Bose, P. K.; and Pflüger, F. 1998 Triploblastic animals more than 1 billion years ago: Trace fossil evidence from India October 2; Science 282:80–83.CrossRefADSPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Valentine, J. W. 1994. Late Precambrian bilaterans: Grades and clades. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 91:6751–6757.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Valentine, J. W.; Erwin, D. H.; and Jablonski, D. 1996. Developmental evolution of metazoan body plans: The fossil evidence. Developmental Biology 173:373–381.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Wilmer, P. 1990. Invertebrate relationships: Patterns in animal evolution. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ. Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wray, G. A.; Levinton, J. S.; and Shapiro, L. 1996. Molecular evidence for deep pre-Cambrian divergences among the metazoan phyla. Science 274:568–573.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter D. Ward and Donald Brownlee 2000

Personalised recommendations