• Kurt P. Schellhas


Discography has become an indispensable assessment tool to evaluate pain of spinal origin; no longer is it reserved for those who are fusion candidates. With the continuous evolution of spinal interventions and the growing recognition of discogenic pain as a major clinical problem, the demand for this procedure is certain to increase. Our experience has been that when discography is performed with appropriate clinical indication(s) by skilled, knowledgeable, and experienced proceduralists, it leads to improved clinical outcomes. Discography is a procedure ideally suited for interventional neuroradiologists, especially those who also interpret spinal imaging studies.


Lumbar Disc Needle Placement Lumbar Fusion Nuclear Space Disc Annulus 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2004

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  • Kurt P. Schellhas

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