Endovascular Therapy of the Spine

  • Ali Shaibani
  • Ajay K. Wakhloo


Arteriovenous Fistula Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Endovascular Therapy Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Anterior Spinal Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Spetzler RF, Detwiler PW, et al. (2002) Modified classification of spinal cord vascular lesions. J Neurosurg (Spine 2) 96:145–156.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Niimi Y, Berenstein A (1999) Endovascular treatment of spinal vascular malformations. Neurosurg Clinics of North Am 10(1):47–70.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oldfield EH, Bennett A III, Chen MY, Doppman JL (2002) Successful management of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas undetected by arteriography. J Neurosurg (Spine 2) 96:220–229.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eskandar, EN, Borges LF, et al. (2002) Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas: experience with endovascular and surgical therapy. J Neurosurg (Spine 2) 96:162–167.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Van Dijk JM, Ter Brugge KG, et al. (2002) Multidisciplinary management of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Stroke 33: 1578–1583.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Atkinson JLD, Miller GM, et al. (2001) Clinical and radiographic features of dural arteriovenous fistula, a treatable cause of myelopathy. Mayo Clin Proc 76:120–130.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bao Y, Ling F (1997) Classification and therapeutic modalities of spinal vascular malformations in 80 patients. Neurosurgery 40(1):75–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hodes JE, Merland JJ, et al. (1999) Spinal vascular malformations: endovascular therapy. Neurosurg Clin North America 10(1):139–152.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mourier KL, Gobin YP, et al. (1993) Intradural perimedullary arteriovenous fistulae: results of surgical and endovascular treatment in a series of 35 cases. Neurosurgery 32(6):885–891.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ricolfi F, Gobin YP, et al. (1997) Giant perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas of the spine: clinical and radiologic features and endovascular treatment. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 18:677–687.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Touho H, Monobe T, Ohnishi H, Karasawa J (1995) Treatment of type II perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas by intraoperative transvenous embolization: case report. Surg Neurol 43(5):491–496.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Spetzler RF, Zabramski JM, Flom RA (1989) Management of juvenile spinal AVMs by embolization and operative excision. Case report. J Neurosurg 60: 238–247.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Aminoff M, Logue V (1974) Clinical features of spinal vascular malformations. Brain 97: 197–210.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14a.
    Djindjian R (1978): Clinical symptomatology and natural history of arteriovenous malformations of the spinal cord: a study of the clinical aspects and prognosis based on 150 cases. In: Pia H, Djindjian R, eds. Spinal Angiomas: Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 1978.Google Scholar
  15. 14b.
    Djindjian R, Merland JJ, Djindjian M, et al. (1981) Vertebral hemangiomas and metameric angiomatosis (Cobb’s Syndrome). In: Nadjmi M, Piegras U, Vogelsang H, eds. Angiography of Spinal Column and Spinal Cord Tumors. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme; 141.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    Biondi A, Merland JJ, Reizine D, et al. (1990) Embolization with particles in thoracic intramedullary arteriovenous malformations: long-term angiographic and clinical results. Radiology 177:651–658.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    Biondi A, Merland JJ, Hodes JE, et al. (1992) Aneurysms of spinal arteries associated with intramedullary arteriovenous malformations. I. Angiographic and clinical aspects. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 13:913–922.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 17.
    Biondi A, Merland JJ, Hodes JE, et al. (1992) Aneurysms of spinal arteries associated with intramedullary arteriovenous malformations. II. Results of AVM endovascular treatment and hemodynamic consideration. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 13:923–931.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 18.
    Maraire JN, Awad IA (1997) Cavernous malformations: natural history and indications for treatment. In: Hunt Batjer H, et al., eds. Cerebrovascular Disease. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; pp. 669–677.Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    Canavero S, Pagni CA, et al. (1994) Spinal intramedullary cavernous angiomas: a literature metaanalysis. Surg Neurol 41:381–388.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 20.
    Sze G (1996) Neoplastic disease of the spine and spinal cord. In: Atlas SW, ed. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1377–1379.Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    Eskridge JM, McAuliffe W, Harris B, et al. (1996) Preoperative endovascular embolization of craniospinal hemangioblastomas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 17:525–531.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 22.
    Tampieri D, Leblanc R, Ter Brugge KG (1993) Pre-operative embolization of brain and spinal hemangioblastomas. Neurosurgery 33(3):502–504.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 23.
    Rodesch G, Hurth M, et al. (2002) Classification of spinal cord arteriovenous shunts: proposal for a reappraisal. Neurosurgery 15(2):374–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 24.
    Doppman, JL, Oldfield EH, Heiss JD (2000) Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas: treatment by means of direct intra-lesional injection of ethanol. Radiology 214:341–348.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    Fox MW, Onofrio BM. (1993) The natural history and management of symptomatic and asymptomatic vertebral hemangiomas. J Neurosurg 78: 36–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 26.
    Jayakumar PN, Vasudev MK, et al. (1997) Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas: endovascular treatment of 12 patients. Spinal Cord 35:624–628.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 27.
    Reizine D, Laouiti M, Guimaraens L, et al. (1985) Vertebral arteriovenous fistulas—clinical presentation, angiographical appearance and endovascular treatment. A review of twenty-five cases. Ann Radiol 28:425–438.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 28.
    Berenstein A, Lasjaunias P (1992) Surgical Neuro-angiography. Vol 5. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 125–127.Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    Bonakdarpour A, et al. (1978) Primary and secondary aneurismal bone cyst: a radiological study of 75 cases. Radiology 126:75–82.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 30.
    Ameli NO, et al. (1985) Aneurysmal bone cysts of the spine; report of 17 cases. J Neurosurg 63:685–690.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 31.
    Lichtenstein L (1950) Aneurysmal bone cyst. A pathological entity commonly mistaken for giant-cell tumor and occasionally for hemangioma and osteogenic carcinoma. Cancer 3:279–289.Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    Cigala F, Sadile F (1996) Arterial embolization of aneurysmal bone cysts in children. Bull Hosp Joint Dis 54(4):261–264.Google Scholar
  34. 33.
    Radanovic B, et al. (1989) Therapeutic embolization of aneurysmal bone cyst. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 12(6):313–316.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 34.
    Broaddus WC, Grady MS, Delashaw JB, et al. (1990) Preoperative super-selective arteriolar embolization: a new approach to enhance resectability of spinal tumors. Neurosurgery 27:755–759.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    Gellad FE, Sadato N, Numaguchi Y, Levine AM (1990) Vascular metastatic lesions of the spine: preoperative embolization. Radiology 176:683–686.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 36.
    Hilal SK, Michelsen JW (1975) Therapeutic percutaneous embolization for extra-axial vascular lesions of the head, neck, and spine. J Neurosurg 43: 275–287.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    King GJ, Kostuik JP, McBroom RJ, Richardson W (1991) Surgical management of metastatic renal carcinoma of the spine. Spine 16:265–271.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gangi A, Kastler BA, Dietemann JL (1994) Percutaneous vertebroplasty guided by a combination of CT and fluoroscopy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 15:83–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Chiras J, Cognard C, Rose M, et al. (1993) Percutaneous injection of an alcoholic embolizing emulsion as an alternative preoperative embolization for spine tumor. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 14:1113–1117.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Heiss JD, Doppman JL, Oldfield JH (1994) Brief report: relief of spinal cord compression from vertebral hemangioma by intralesional injection of absolute ethanol. N Engl J Med 331:508–511.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Cotton A, Deramond H, Cortet B (1996) Preoperative percutaneous injection of methyl methacrylate and n-butyl cyanoacrylate in vertebral hemangiomas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 17:137–142.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Saraf-Lavi E, Bowen BC, Quencer RM, et al. (2002) Detection of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula with MR imaging and contrast-enhanced MR angiography: sensitivity, specificity, and prediction of vertebral level. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:858–867.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Shaibani
  • Ajay K. Wakhloo

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations