Hemophagocytic Syndrome Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Sinus Histiocytosis Birbeck Granule Omenn Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Favara BE. Histiocytosis syndromes and related disorders of early infancy: a pathologist’s perspective. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1989;6:213.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Favara BE, Feller AC, Pauli M, et al. Contemporary classification of histiocytic disorders. Med Pediatr Oncol 1997;29:157.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Writing Group of the Histiocyte Society. Histiocytosis syndromes in children. Lancet 1987;1:208.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chu T, D’Angio GJ, et al. Histiocytosis syndromes in children. Lancet 1987;1:208.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stephan JL. Histiocytoses. Eur J Pediatr 1995; 154:600.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Huang F, Arceci R. The histiocytoses of infancy. Semin Perinatol 1999;23:319.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    (a) Isaacs H Jr. Histiocytoses. In: Tumors of the Fetus and Newborn. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1997:169. Major Problems in Pathology. Series; Vol 35.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    (b) Sharma R, Hudak ML, Perszyk AA, et al. Perinatal lethal form of Gaucher’s disease presenting with hemosiderosis. Am J Perinatol 2000;17:2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    Lasser A. The mononuclear phagocytic system: a review. Hum Pathol 1983;14:108.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    Janka GE. Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Eur J Pediatr 1983;140:221.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.
    Nesbit ME Jr, O’Leary M, Dehner LP, et al. The immune system and the histiocytosis syndromes. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1981;3:141.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 11.
    Risdall RJ, McKenna RW, Nesbit ME, et al. Virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome; a benign histiocytic proliferation distinct from malignant histiocytosis. Cancer 1979;44:993.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    Hong R, Gilbert EF, Opitz JM. Omenn disease: termination in lymphoma. Pediatr Pathol 1985;3:143.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 13.
    Raney RB Jr, D’Angio GJ. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (histiocytosis X): experience at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, 1970–1984. Med Pediatr Oncol 1989;17:20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 14.
    Isaacs H Jr. Perinatal (congenital and neonatal) neoplasms: a report of 110 cases. Pediatr Pathol 1985;3:165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 15.
    Isaacs H Jr. Neoplasms in infants: a report of 265 cases. Pathol Annu 1983;18(2):165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    Risdall RJ, Dehner LP, Duray P, et al. Histiocytosis X (Langerhans histiocytosis). Prognostic role of histopathology. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1983; 107:59.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 17.
    Broadbent VA. Malignant disease in the neonate. In: Roberton NRC, ed. Textbook of Neonatology. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston, 1992:879.Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    Hage C, Willman CL, Favara BE, et al. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (histiocytosis X): immunophenotype and growth fraction. Hum Pathol 1993;24:840.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 19.
    Willman CL. Detection of clonal histiocytes in Langerhans cell histiocytosis: biology and clinical significance. Br J Cancer 1994;70(suppl XIII):S29.Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    Yu RCH, Morris JF, Pritchard J, et al. Defective alloantigen-presenting capacity of ‘Langerhans cell histiocytosis cells.’ Arch Dis Child 1992;67:1370.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 21.
    Bjercke S, Elgo J, Braathen L, et al. Enriched epidermal Langerhans cells are potent antigen presenting cells for T cells. J Invest Dermatol 1984;83:286.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 22.
    Ahnquist G, Holyoke JB. Congenital Letterer-Siwe disease (reticuloendotheliosis) in aterm stillborn infant. J Pediatr 1960;57:897.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 23.
    Nezelof C, Frileux-Herbert F, Cronier-Sachot J. Disseminated histiocytosis X: analysis of prognostic factors based on a retrospective study of 50 cases. Cancer 1979;44:1824.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 24.
    Vade A, Hayani A, Pierce KL. Congenital histiocytosis X. Pediatr Radiol 1993;23:181.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    Dehner LP. Neoplasms of the fetus and neonate. In: Naeye RL, Kissane JM, Kaufman N, eds. Perinatal Diseases. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1981:286. International Academy of Pathology Monograph 22.Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    Hashimoto K, Pritzker MS. Electron microscopic study of reticulohistiocytoma: an unusual case of congenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis. Arch Dermatol 1973; 107:263.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 27.
    Hashimoto K, Griffin D, Kohsbaki M. Self-healing reticulohistiocytosis: a clinical histologic and ultrastructural study of the fourth case in the literature. Cancer 1982;49:331.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 28.
    Senac MO Jr, Isaacs H, Gwinn JL. Primary lesions of bone in the 1st decade of life: retrospective survey of biopsy results. Radiol 1986;160:491.Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    Scully RE, Mark EJ, McNeely WF, et al. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Case 18-1996. N Engl J Med 1996;334:1591.Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    Landing BH. Lymphohistiocytosis in childhood: pathologic comparison with fatal Letterer-Siwe disease (disseminated visceral histiocytosis X). Perspect Pediatr Pathol 1987;9:48.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 31.
    Heyn RM, Hamoudi A, Newton WA Jr. Pretreatment liver biopsy in 20 children with histiocytosis X: a clinicopathologic correlation. MedPediatr Oncol 1990;18:110.Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    Dehner LP, Bamford JT, McDonald EC. Spontaneous regression of congenital cutaneous histiocytosis X: report of a case with discussion of nosology and pathogenesis. Pediatr Pathol 1983;1:99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 33.
    Pujol RM, Moreno A, et al. Childhood self-healing histiocytosis X. Pediatr Dermatol 1988; 5:97.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 34.
    Kanitakis J, Zambruno G, Schmitt D, et al. Congenital self-healing histiocytosis (Hashimoto-Pritzker): an ultrastructural and immunohistochemical study. Cancer 1988;61:508.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    Rivera-Luna R, Martinez-Guerra G, Altamirano-Alvaraez E, et al. Langerhans cell histiocytosis: clinical experience with 124 patients. Pediatr Dermatol 1988;5:145.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 36.
    Akima M, Sumi SM. Neuropathology of familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Hum Pathol 1984;15:161.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    Arico M, Janka G, Fischer A, et al. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Report of 122 children from the International Registry. Leukemia 1996;10:197.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 38.
    Gilbert EF, ZuRhein GM, Wester SM, et al. Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: report of four cases in two families and review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol 1985;3:59.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 39.
    Henter J-I, Elinder G: Familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: clinical review based on the findings in seven children. Acta Paediatr Scand 1991;80:269.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 40.
    Janka GE. Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Diagnostic problems and differential diagnosis. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1989;6:219.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 41.
    Janka GE. Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: therapy in the German experience. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1989;6:227.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 42.
    Popper HH, Zenz W, Mache C, et al. Familial haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: a report of three cases with unusual lung involvement. Histopathology 1994;25:439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 43.
    Wieczorek R, Greco MA, McCarthy K, et al. Familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: immunophenotypic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural demonstration of the relation to sinus histiocytes. Hum Pathol 1986;17:55.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 44.
    Kletzel M, Gollin SM, Gloster ES, et al. Chromosome abnormalities in familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Cancer 1986;57:2153.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 45.
    Rettwitz W, Sauer O, Burow HM, et al. Neurological and neuropathological findings in familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Brain Dev 1983;5:322.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 46.
    Goldberg JC, Nezelof C. Familial lymphohistiocytosis: the pathologist’s view. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1989;6(3):199.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 47.
    Ost A, Nilsson-Ardnor S, Henter J-I. Autopsy findings in 27 children with haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Histopathology 1998;32:310.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 48.
    Henter J-I, Nennesmo I. Neuropathologic findings and neurologic symptoms in twenty-three children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. J Pediatr 1997; 130:358.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 49.
    Chen R-L, Su I-J, Lin K-H, et al. Fulminant childhood hemophagocytic syndrome mimicking histiocytic medullary reticulosis. Am J Clin Pathol 1991;96:171.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 50.
    Danish EH, Dahms BB, Kumar ML. Cytomegalovirus associated hemophagocytic syndrome. Pediatrics 1985;75:280.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 51.
    McClain K, Gehrz R, Grierson H, et al. Virus-associated histiocytic proliferations in children: frequent association with Epstein-Barr virus and congenital and acquired immunodeficiencies. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1988; 10:196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 52.
    Barre V, Marret S, Mendel I, et al. Enterovirus-associated haemophagocytic syndrome in a neonate. Acta Paediatr 1998;87:469.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 53.
    Arya S, Hong R, Gilbert EF. Reactive hemophagocytic syndrome. Pediatr Pathol 1985;3:129.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 54.
    Campo E, Condom E, Miro MJ, et al. Tuberculosis-associated hemophagocytic syndrome. A systemic process. Cancer 1986; 58:2640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 55.
    Junker AK, Chan KW, Massing BG. Clinical and immune recovery from Omenn syndrome after bone marrow transplantation. J Pediatr 1989;114:596.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 56.
    Chan JKC, Ng CS, Law CK, et al. Reactive hemophagocytic syndrome: a study of 7 fatal cases. Pathology 1987;19:43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 57.
    Hoang MP, Dawson DB, Rogers ZR, et al. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of archival material for Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, human herpes virus 6, and parvovirus B19 in children with bone marrow hemophagocytosis. Hum Pathol 1998;29:1074.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 58.
    Chen TK, Nesbit ME, McKenna R, et al. Histiocytic medullary reticulosis in acute lymphocytic leukemia of T cell origin. Am J Dis Child 1976; 130:1262.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 59.
    Rosai J, Dorfman RF. Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy: a pseuodolymphomatous benign disorder: analysis of 34 cases. Cancer 1972;30:11742.Google Scholar
  61. 60.
    Eisen RN, Buckley PJ, Rosai J. Immunophenotypic characterization of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai-Dorfman disease). Semin Diagn Pathol 1990;7:74.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 61.
    Fourcar E, Rosai J, Dorfman RF, et al. Immunologic abnormalities and their significance in sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy. Am J Clin Pathol 1984;82:515.Google Scholar
  63. 62.
    Fourcar E, Rosai J, Dorfman RF. Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy: an analysis of 14 deaths occurring in a patient registry. Cancer 1984;54:1834.Google Scholar
  64. 63.
    Fourcar E, Rosai J, Dorfman R. Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai-Dorfman disease): review of the entity. Semin Diagn Pathol 1990;7:19.Google Scholar
  65. 64.
    Schouten TJ, Hustinx TWJ, Scheres JMJC, et al. Malignant histiocytosis: clinical and cytogenetic studies in a newborn and a child. Cancer 1983;52:1229.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 65.
    Bennett JM, Catovsky D, Daniel M-T, et al. Proposals for the classification of acute leukemias. French-American-British (FAB) Co-operative Group. Br J Haematol 1976;33:451.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 66.
    Sande JE, Arceci RJ, Lampkin BC. Congenital and neonatal leukemia. Semin Perinatol 1999;23:274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 67.
    Lampkin BC. The newborn infant with leukemia. J Pediatr 1997;131:176.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 68.
    Omenn GS. Familial reticuloendotheliosis with eosinophilia. N Engl J Med 1965;273:427.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 69.
    Jouan H, Le Diest F, Nezelof C. Omenn’s syndrome-pathologic arguments in favor of a graft-versus-host pathogenesis: a report of nine cases. Hum Pathol 1987;18:1101.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 70.
    Junker AK, Chan KW, Massing BG. Clinical and immune recovery from Omenn syndrome after bone marrow transplantation. J Pediatr 1989;114:596.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 71.
    Martin JV, Willoughby PB, Giusti V, et al. The lymph node patholgy of Omenn’s syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol 1995;19:1082.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 72.
    Rubin CM, Burke BA, McKenna RW, et al. The accelerated phase of Chediak-Higashi syndrome: an expression of the virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome? Cancer 1985;56:524.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 73.
    Barak Y, Nir E. Chediak-Higashi syndrome. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1987;9:42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. 74.
    Merino F, Henle W, Ramirez-Duque R. Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection in patients with Chediak-Higashi syndrome. J Clin Immunol 1986;6:299.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. 75.
    Freyer DR, Kennedy R, Bostrom BC, et al. Juvenile xanthogranuloma: forms of systemic disease and their clinical implications. J Pediatr 1996; 129:227.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 76.
    Sonoda T, Hashimoto H, Enjoji M. Juvenile xanthogranuloma: clinicopathologic analysis and immunohistochemical study of 57 patients. Cancer 1985;56:2280.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 77.
    Zelger BG, Zelger B, Steiner H, et al. Solitary giant xanthogranuloma and benign cephalic histiocytosis-variants of juvenile xanthogranuloma. Br J Dermatol 1995;133:598.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 78.
    Seo S, Min KW, Mirkin LD. Juvenile xanthogranuloma: ultrastructural and immunocytochemical studies. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1986;110:911.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2002

Personalised recommendations