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Electrical Stimulation of the Neuromuscular System

  • Dominique M. Durand
  • Warren M. Grill
  • Robert Kirsch
Part of the Bioelectric Engineering book series (BEEG)

Abstract

Patients with paralysis or disease of the nervous system can have severe functional deficits. Although rehabilitation and neural regeneration can provide some improvement (Grill and Kirsch, 2000; McDonald and Sadowsky, 2000), there is still a large gap to close in order to restore function. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of neural tissue can be successfully applied to provide additional functional restoration to neurologically impaired individuals. By placing electrodes within excitable neural tissue and passing current through these electrodes, it is possible to activate pathways to the brain or to muscles. The activated pathways can then excite or inhibit their intended target. Neural prostheses refer to applications for which electrical stimulation is used to replace a previously lost or damaged neural function.cr]

Keywords

Spinal Cord Injury Electrical Stimulation Functional Electrical Stimulation Volume Conductor Virtual Cathode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominique M. Durand
    • 3
  • Warren M. Grill
    • 2
  • Robert Kirsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Neural Engineering Center, FES Center, Department of Biomedical EngineeringCase Western Reserve UniversityCleveland
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical EngineeringDuke UniversityDurham
  3. 3.Neural Engineering Center, Department of Biomedical EngineeringCase Western Reserve UniversityCleveland

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