Interactive Pedagogical Dramas (IPD) are compelling stories that have didactic purpose. Autonomous agents realize the characters in these dramas, with roles that require them to interact with a depth and subtlety consistent with human behavior in difficult, stressful situations. To address this challenge, the agent design is based on psychological research on human emotion and behavior. We discuss our first IPD, Carmen’s Bright IDEAS, an interactive drama designed to improve the social problem solving skills of mothers of pediatric cancer patients.
KeywordsAutonomous Agent Intelligent Agent Nonverbal Behavior Agent Architecture Interactive Drama
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- W.H. Bares and J. C. Lester. Intelligent multi-shot visualization interfaces for dynamic 3d worlds. In M. Maybury, editor, Proc. International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Redondo Beach, CA, pages 119–126. ACM Press, 1999.Google Scholar
- B. Blumberg and T. Galyean. Multi-level direction of autonomous creatures for realtime virtual environments. In Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH 95 Proceedings), pages 47–54. ACM SIGGRAPH, 1995.Google Scholar
- J. Cassell and M. Stone. Living hand to mouth: Psychological theories about speech and gesture in interactive dialogue systems. Psychological Models of Communication in Collaborative Systems, AAAI Fall Symposium 1999, AAAI Press, pp. 34–42, 1999.Google Scholar
- P. Ekman and W. V. Friesen. The repertoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories, origins, usage and coding. Semiotica, 1:49–97, 1969.Google Scholar
- N. Freedman. The analysis of movement behavior during clinical interview. In A. Siegman and B. Pope, editors, Studies in Dyadic Communication, pages 153–175. New York: Pergamon Press, 1997.Google Scholar
- N. Frijda. The emotions. Cambridge University Press, 1986.Google Scholar
- M. T. Kelso, P. Weyhrauch, and J. Bates. Dramatic presence. Presence: Journal of Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 2(1), 1993.Google Scholar
- S. C. Marsella, W. L. Johnson, and C. LaBore. Interactive pedagogical drama. In C. Sierra, M. Gini, and J. S. Rosenschein, editors, Proc. Fourth International Conference on Autonomous Agents, Barcelona, Spain, pages 301–308. ACM Press, 2000.Google Scholar
- D. McNeil. Hand and Mind. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1992.Google Scholar
- D. Moffat. Personality parameters and programs. In R. Trappl and P. Petta, editors, Creating Personalities for Synthetic Actors, pages 120–165. Springer, 1997.Google Scholar
- K. Oatley and P.N. Johnson-Laird. Towards a cognitive theory of emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 1(1):29–50, 1987.Google Scholar
- B. Tomlinson, B. Blumberg, and D. Nain. Expressive autonomous cinematography for interactive virtual environments. In C. Sierra, M. Gini, and J. S. Rosenschein, editors, Proc. Fourth International Conference on Autonomous Agents, Barcelona, Spain, pages 317–324. ACM Press, 2000.Google Scholar