Advertisement

Agriculture and Rural Settlement in Ottoman Crete, 1669–1898

A Modern Site Survey
  • Allaire Brumfield
Part of the Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology book series (CGHA)

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Sixteenth Century Survey Area Rural Settlement Screw Press 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allbaugh, L. 1953 Crete: A Case Study of an Underdeveloped Area.Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  2. Barkan, Ö. L. 1983 Caractère religieux et caractère séculier des institutions ottomanes.In Contributions á I’Histoire Economique et Sociale de I’Empire Ottoman. J.-L. Bacque-Grammont and P. Dumont (eds.), Peeters, Leuven, Belgium. pp. 11–58.Google Scholar
  3. Braudel, F. 1972 The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, 2 volumes (trans. S. Reynolds). Harper & Row, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, C. E. (ed.) 1996 Imperial Legacy: the Ottoman Imprint on the Balkans and the Middle East. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Castrofilaca, P. 1583 Descrition delle anime del destreto di Sithia suo castello et Hierapetra.in Libro de information delle cose publiche del Regno de Candia et Isolle de Cerigho, Zante, Zeffallonia et Corfú, fatto con ogni diligenttia per me Pietro Castrofilaca, Regionatto del Sinicato delli Clarissimi Signori Zuanne Gritti et Gullio Garzoni, et alle sue SS. Clarissime appresentato, acciò che possimo haver pronto tutto quello, che potesse bisognare al Serenissimo Dominio per il ghoverno del Levante.ms. in Biblioteca Marciana, Venice. (photocopy in Vikelaia Library, Iraklion, Crete).Google Scholar
  6. Chourmouzis, M. 1842 Kritika (Cretan Things). Athens.Google Scholar
  7. Clutton, A. E. and A. Kenny 1977 A Vertical-axle Water Mill near Drosia, Crete. Kritologia 4–5:148.Google Scholar
  8. Constantinides, E. 1983 Andreiomeni: The Female Warrior in Greek Folk Songs. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 1:63–72.Google Scholar
  9. Coronelli, P. 1706 Citta, Fortezze, Porti, ed Altri Luoghi del regno et Isola di Candia. Venice.Google Scholar
  10. Dialynas, M. 1912 I Kritsotopoula (the maid of Kritsa). Iraklion.Google Scholar
  11. Forbes, H. 1982 Strategies and Soils. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  12. Forbes H. and L. Foxhall 1978 The Queen of all Trees. Expedition 21:37–47.Google Scholar
  13. Francis, A. D. 1973 The Wine Trade. A. C. Black, London.Google Scholar
  14. Gallant, T. 1991 Risk and Survival in Ancient Greece. Stanford University Press, Stanford.Google Scholar
  15. Gerola, G. 1932 Monumenti Veneti dell’lsola di Creta. Venice. 5 vols.Google Scholar
  16. 1961 Topografikos Katalogos ton Toichografimenon Ekklision tis Kritis (Topographical Catalogue of the Frescoed Churches of Crete). (tr. K. Lassithiotakis) Iraklion.Google Scholar
  17. Giannopoulos, I. G. 1978 I Kriti kata ton Tetarto Venetotourkiko Polemo 1570–71. (Crete during the Fourth Veneto-Turkish War). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Athens, Athens.Google Scholar
  18. Hayden, B.J., J. A. Moody and O. Rackham 1992 The Vrokastro Survey Project 1986–89; Research Design and Preliminary Results.Hesperia 61:293–353.Google Scholar
  19. Hemmerdinger-Iliadou, D. 1967 La Crete sous la Domination Venitienne et lors de la Conquete Turque 1322–1684. Renseignements nouveaux ou peu connus ďaprés les Pelerins et les Voyageurs. Studi Veneziani 9:535–623.Google Scholar
  20. Hitier, M. 1881 Appendice sur ľetat de ľagriculture et les productions de ľile de Crete. In Les Isles de la Grece. L. LaCroix (ed.),Paris.Google Scholar
  21. Inalcik, H. 1973 The Ottoman Empire. The Classical Age, 1300–1600. N. Itzkowitz and C. Imber, (trans.) Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London.Google Scholar
  22. 1991 The Emergence of Big Farms, Çiftliks: State, Landlords and Tenants. In Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East. Ç. Keyder and F. Tabak (eds.),SUNY Press, Albany.Google Scholar
  23. Kalomenopoulos, N. T. 1894 Kritika; itoi Topografika kai Odoiporika tis Nisou Kritis (Cretica; being a topography and itinerary of the island). Athens.Google Scholar
  24. Kozyris, M. E. 1973 ToLasithieiston Agona (LasithiintheStruggle).LasithiCountyCouncil, Agios Nikolaos, Crete.Google Scholar
  25. Legrand, E. 1897 Description des Iles de I’Archipel Grec par Christophe Buondelmonti, Florentin du XVe Siécle,Ecol edes Langues Orientales. Pans, Publications; 4me Série, Tome XIV.(repr.Philo Press Amsterdam,1974).Google Scholar
  26. Lithgow, W. 1814 Travels and Voyages through Europe, Asia and the East. London.Google Scholar
  27. McNeill, W. 1974 Venice: the Hinge of Europe, 1081–1797. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  28. National Statistical Service of Greece 1914 Annual Statistics of Agricultural Production. Published by National Statistical Service of Greece.Google Scholar
  29. 1929 Agricultural and Pastoral Census Published by National Statistical Service of Greece.Google Scholar
  30. Nouchakis, I. 1903 Kritiki Chorografia. (Cretan Gazetteer). Athens.Google Scholar
  31. Olivier, G. A. 1801 Voyage dans ľEmpire Othman. Paris.Google Scholar
  32. Pappadakis, N. I. 1936 IEkklisia Kritis (The Church of Crete). Chania.Google Scholar
  33. Pappadakis, D. L. 1974 Anekdota Engrafa ek tis Monis Faneromenis Ierapetras (Unpublished documents from the monastery of Phaneromeni, Ierapetra). Agia Foteini i Isapostolos 4:52–59, 76–78, 107–110.Google Scholar
  34. 1979 Mia Ekthesi Krisologias kai Mia Laiki Paradosi, Aforoun ti Moni Faneromenis Ierapetras kai tous Tourkous Tangkalakides (An account of a controversy and a folk tradition, relating to the monastery Phaneromeni, Ierapetra, and the Turkish Tangalakis family). Kritiki Estia 248–249:405–417.Google Scholar
  35. 1981 To Kryfo Scholeio tis Monis Faneromenis, Ierapetras, kai I Kritsotopoula Rodanthi (The Secret School of the monastery Phaneromeni, Ierapetra, and Rodanthi the ‘maid of Kritsa’). Kritiki Estia vol. 262–263.Google Scholar
  36. Pappadakis, E. M. 1976 Morfai tou Laikou Politismou tis Kritis tou 15ou kai 16ou Aionos kata tas Grammateiakas Pigas (Forms of Folk Culture in Crete in the 15th and 16th Centuries according to the Literary Sources).Ph. D. Dissertation, Universityof Athens.Google Scholar
  37. 1977 Symboli sti Meleti tis Georgias kai tis Ambelourgias tis Kritis sto 150 & 160 ai (Contribution to the study of agriculture and viticulture of Crete in the 15th and 16th cents). Kritologia 4:5–25.Google Scholar
  38. Pashley, R. 1837 Travels in Crete. London.Google Scholar
  39. Pitykakis, M. 1983 Glossiko Zdioma tis Anatolikis Kritis (The Linguistic Idiom of Eastern Crete).2 volumes. Cultural and Folklore Society of Upper Mirabello, Neapolis.Google Scholar
  40. Psilakis, N. 1988 The Monasteries of Crete. J. Leatham and P. Ramp. (trans). Bank of Crete, Athens.Google Scholar
  41. Rackham, O. 1990 Vegetation History of Crete. In Petromaroula I: Stability and Change in the Cretan Landscape. O. Rackham, A. T. Grove, and J. A. Moody (eds.),Geography Department, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  42. Randolph, B. 1687 The Present State of the Islands in the Archipelago. Printed at the Theatre, Oxford.Google Scholar
  43. Raulin, V. 1869 Description Physique de ľlsle de Créte. A. Bertrand, Paris.Google Scholar
  44. Runnels, C. and P. M. Murray 1983 Milling in Ancient Greece. Archaeology 36:62–63.Google Scholar
  45. Sarakomenos, D. 1930 I Elliniki Elia; to Elaion (The Greek Olive-tree; the Orchard). Encyclopedia ‘Pyrsos’.Pyrsos publishers, Athens.Google Scholar
  46. Sarpaki, A. 1990 The Paleoethnobotanical Approach. The Mediterranean Triad or is it a Quartet? In Agriculture in Ancient Greece. B. Wells (ed.),Paul Astroms Förlag. Stockholm. pp. 61–76.Google Scholar
  47. Savary, C. 1781 Lettres sur la Gréce. Chez Bleuet, Paris.Google Scholar
  48. Smith, M. L. 1965 The Great Island; a Study of Crete. Longmans, London.Google Scholar
  49. Sonnini, C. S. 1800 Voyage en Gréceet en Turquie. 2 vols. Paris.Google Scholar
  50. Sordinas, A. 1971 Old Olive Mills and presses on the island of Corfu, Greece, an essay on the industrial archaeology and the ethnography of agricultural implements. Memphis State University Anthropology Research Centre, Occasional Papers, 5, Memphis.Google Scholar
  51. Stavrakis, S. 1958 Benedetto Moro, 1602. Mnimeia tis Kritikis Istorias (Records of Cretan History),vol. 4. The Municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  52. Spanakis, S. 1890 Statistiki tou Plithysmou tis Kritis (Population Statistics of Crete). Athens.Google Scholar
  53. Stavrinidis, N. 1975 Metafraseis Tourkikon Zstorikon Engrafon Aforonton eis tin Istoria tis Kritis (Translations of Turkish Historical Documents relating to the History of Crete). Vol. 1, 1658–1672. The municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  54. 1976 Metafraseis Tourkikon Zstorikon Engrafon Aforonton eis tin Istoria tis Kritis (Translations of Turkish Historical Documents relating to the History of Crete). Vol. 2, 1672–1694. The Municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  55. 1979 Metafraseis Tourkikon Istorikon Engrafon Aforonton eis tin Istoria tis Kritis (Translations of Turkish Historical Documents relating to the History of Crete). Vol. 3, 1694–1715. The Municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  56. 1984 Metafraseis Tourkikon Istorikon Engrafon Aforonton eis tin Istoria tis Kritis (Translations of Turkish Historical Documents relating to the History of Crete). Vol. 4, 1715–1752. The Municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  57. 1985 Metafraseis Tourkikon Zstorikon Engrafon Aforonton eis tin Istoria tis Kritis (Translations of Turkish Historical Documents relating to the History of Crete). Vol. 5, 1752–1765. The Municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  58. Sugar, P. F. 1977 Southeastern Europe under Ottoman Rule, A History of East Central Europe. Vol. 5. University of Washington Press, Seattle.Google Scholar
  59. Triantafyllidou-Baladié, Y. 1988 To Emborio kai Z Oikonomia tis Kritis 1669–1795 (The Commerce and Economy of Crete). The Municipality of Iraklion, Crete.Google Scholar
  60. Tournefort, J. P. de 1718 A Voyage into the Levant. Ozell, J. (trans.) 2 vols. D. Midwinter, London.Google Scholar
  61. Unwin, P. T. H. 1991 Wine and the Vine: An Historical Geography of Viticulture and the Wine Trade. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  62. Vallianos, C. 1985 Neromyloi Dytikis Mesaras Kritis (Watermills of the Western Mesara, Crete). Voroi Museum of Ethnology, Crete.Google Scholar
  63. Veinstein, G. 1991 On the Ciftlik Debate. In Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East. Ç. Keyder and F. Tabak (eds.), SUNY Press, Albany. pp. 35–53.Google Scholar
  64. Veinstein, G. and Y. Triantafyllidou-Baladie 1980 Les Inventaires aprés décès Ottomans de Créte. In Probate Inventories: a new Source for the Historical Study of Wealth, Material Culture, and Agricultural Development.A. van der Woude and A. Schuurman (eds.),Wegeningen, Netherlands. pp. 191–204.Google Scholar
  65. Vickery, K. F. 1936 Food in Early Greece. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana.Google Scholar
  66. Voroi Museum of Cretan Ethnology no date, Catalog, Voroi Museum of Cretan Ethnology. Voroi, Crete.Google Scholar
  67. Xanthoudidis, S. 1912 Christianikai Epigrafai (Christian Inscriptions). Athens.Google Scholar
  68. 1913 Kritika Symbolaia kata tis Enetokratias—Christianiki Kriti (Cretan Documents of the Venetian Occupation; Christian Crete).Athens.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allaire Brumfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryTowson UniversityTowson

Personalised recommendations