Life-Cycle and Across-the-Week Allocation of Time to Daily Activities

  • Jiri Zuzanek
  • Brian J. A. Smale


Child Care Employment Status General Social Survey Domestic Work Time Budget 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Angrist, S. (1967). Role constellation as a variable in women’s leisure activities. Social Forces, 45,423–430.Google Scholar
  2. Berardo, D., Shehan, C., & Leslie, G. (1987). A residue of tradition: Jobs, careers, and spouses’ time in housework. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 49, 381–390.Google Scholar
  3. Campbell, A. (1981). The sense of well-being in America. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  4. Chapin, F. S., Jr. (1974). Human activity patterns in the city. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Coverman, S., & Sheley, J. (1986). Changes in men’s housework and child-care time, 1965–1975. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 48, 413–422.Google Scholar
  6. Deem, R. (1982). Women, leisure and inequality. Leisure Studies, 1, 29–46.Google Scholar
  7. Durkheim, E. (1965). The elementary forms of the religious life. New York: Free Press. (First published 1912)Google Scholar
  8. Fisk, G. (1963). Leisure spending behavior. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  9. Frenkel-Brunswik, E. (1968). Adjustment and reorientation in the course of the life span. In B. L. Neugarten (Ed.), Middle age and aging, (pp. 77–84). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  10. Glick, P. C. (1955). The life cycle of the family. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 17,3–9.Google Scholar
  11. Gordon, C., Gaitz, C. M., & Scott, J. (1976). Leisure and lives: Personal expressivity across the life span. In R. H. Binstock & E. Shanas (Eds.), Handbook of aging and the social sciences. (pp. 310–341). New York Van Nostrand Reinhold.Google Scholar
  12. Gurvitch, G. (1964). The spectrum of social time. Dordrecht-Holland: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  13. Halbwachs, M. (1980). The collective memory. New York Harper & Row. (First published 1910)Google Scholar
  14. Harvey, A. S., & Elliott, D. (1983). Time and time again: Explorations in time use (Vol. 4). Ottawa: Employment and Immigration Canada.Google Scholar
  15. Hill, M. (1985). Patterns of time use. In F. T. Juster & F. P. Stafford (Eds.), Time, goods and well-being (pp. 133–176). Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  16. Hilton, J. M., & Haldeman, V. A. (1991). Gender differences in the performance of household tasks by adults and children in single-parent and two-parent, two-earner families. Journal of Family Issues, 12,114–130.Google Scholar
  17. Huet, H. T., Lamel, Y., & Roy, C. (1978). Les emplois du temps des citadins. Paris: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques.Google Scholar
  18. Juster, F. T. (1985). Investments of time by men and women. In F. T. Juster & F. P. Stafford (Eds.), Time, goods and well-being (pp. 177–204). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research.Google Scholar
  19. Katz, E., & Gurevitch, M. (1976). The secularization of leisure. London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
  20. Lansing, J. B., & Kish, L. (1957). Family life cycle as an independent variable. American Sociological Review, 22, 512–519.Google Scholar
  21. Lowenthal, M. F., Thurnher, M., & Chiriboga, D. (1975). Four stages of life. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  22. Lundberg, G., Komorovsky, L., & McInerny, M. (1934). Leisure—a suburban study. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Lupri, E., & Symons, G. (1982). The emerging symmetrical family: Fact or fiction? International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 3,166–189.Google Scholar
  24. Mauss, M. (1963). Primitive classification. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Originally published 1903).Google Scholar
  25. McPherson, B. (1985). The meaning and the use of time across the life-cycle: The influence of work, family and leisure. In E. M. Gee & G. M. Gutman (Eds.), The challenge of time (pp. 110–162). Winnipeg: Canadian Association of Gerontology.Google Scholar
  26. Meissner, M., Humphreys, E. W., Meis, S. M., & Scheu, W. J. (1975). No exit for wives: Sexual division of labour and the cumulation of household demands. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 124, (Part 1), 424–439.Google Scholar
  27. Michelson, W. (1985). From sun to sun. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allenheld.Google Scholar
  28. Neugarten, B. L., & Peterson, W. A. (1957). A study of the American age-grade system. In Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the International Association of Gerontology (pp. 497–502).Google Scholar
  29. Pleck, J.H. (1979). Men’s family work Three perspectives and some new data. Family Coordinator, 28,481–488.Google Scholar
  30. Pleck, J. H. (1985). Working wives/working husbands. Beverly Hills, CA. Sage.Google Scholar
  31. Rapoport, R., & Rapoport, R. N. (1975). Leisure and the family life cycle. London & Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  32. Rich, S., & Jain, S. C. (1968). Social class and life cycle as predictors of shopping behavior. Journal of Marketing Research, 5, 41–49.Google Scholar
  33. Robinson, J. (1977). How Americans use their time: A social-psychological analysis of everyday behavior. New York Praeger.Google Scholar
  34. Robinson, J. P., & Converse, P. E. (1972). Social change as reflected in the uses of time. In A. E. Campbell & P. E. Converse (Eds.), The human meaning of social change (pp. 17–86). New York Russell Sage.Google Scholar
  35. Rodgers, R. (1964). Toward a theory of family development. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 26,262–270.Google Scholar
  36. Sanik, M. M., & Mauldin, T. (1986). Single versus two-parent families: A comparison of mother’s time. Family Relations, 35, 53–56.Google Scholar
  37. Sanik, M. M. (1990). Parents’s time use: A 1967–1986 comparison. Lifestyles: Family and Economic Issues, 11, 299–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shaw, S. (1985). Gender and leisure: Inequality in the distribution of leisure time. Journal of Leisure Research, 17, 266–282.Google Scholar
  39. Shaw, S. (1987). Female employment: Its impact on the distribution of time and leisure experiences of married women and their husbands. Paper presented to the 5th Canadian Congress on Leisure Research, Halifax, Nova Scotia.Google Scholar
  40. Shaw, S. (1988). A potential for leisure in women–s everyday lives: Are structural and role constraints changing? Paper presented to the World Congress on Free Time, Culture and Society, Lake Louise, Alberta.Google Scholar
  41. Sorokin, P. (1943). Sociocultural causality, space and time. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Sorokin, P., & Berger, C. (1939). Time-budgets of human behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Sorokin, P., & Merton, R. (1937). Social time: A methodological and functional analysis. American Journal of Sociology, 42, 615–629.Google Scholar
  44. Strumilin, S. G. (1980). Time-budgets of Russian workers in 1923–1924. In J. Zuzanek (Ed.), Work and leisure in the Soviet Union: A time-budget analysis (pp. 177–180). New York: Praeger. (Originally published in Russian in the review Planovoe khoziastvo, No. 7).Google Scholar
  45. Szalai, A. (1972). The use of time. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  46. Young, M., & Wilmott, P. (1973). The symmetrical family. Harmondsworth: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  47. Walker, K., & Woods, M. (1976). Time use: A measure of household production of family goods and services. Washington, DC: Center for the Family of the American Home Economics Association.Google Scholar
  48. Wilensky, H. (1961). Life cycle, work situation and participation in formal associations. In R. W. Kleemeier (Ed.), Aging and leisure: A research perspective into the meaningful use of time (pp. 213–242). New York Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Zerubavel, E. (1979). Patterns of time in hospital life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  50. Zerubavel, E. (1981). Hidden rhythms. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  51. Zerubavel, E. (1985). The seven day circle. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  52. Zuzanek, J. (1979, June). Leisure and cultural participation as a function of life cycle. Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.Google Scholar
  53. Zuzanek, J., & Box, S. (1988). Life course and the daily lives of older adults in Canada. In K. Altergott (Ed.), 6 Daily life in later life: Comparative perspectives (pp. 147–185). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiri Zuzanek
    • 1
  • Brian J. A. Smale
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Recreation and Leisure StudiesUniversity of WaterlooWaterloo

Personalised recommendations