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Alcohol and Violence-Related Injuries in the Emergency Room

  • Cheryl J. Cherpitel
Part of the Recent Development in Alcoholism book series (RDIA, volume 13)

Abstract

This chapter reviews data on estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC), self-reported consumption, and drinking patterns and problems from emergency room (ER) studies of alcohol and violence-related injury. These studies used probability samples of all injured patients that were representative of the population served by the ER where the data were collected. Those with violence-related injuries were more likely to be admitted to the ER with a positive BAC, to report drinking prior to the event, and to report more frequent heavy drinking and alcohol-related problems than those admitted to the same ER during the same time period with injuries from other causes. Limitations to these ER studies, including representativeness of samples, alcohol’s presence and role in violence perpetration compared to violence victimization, the presence of other psychoactive substances, and the actual risk at which alcohol places the individual for injuries resulting from violence are discussed.

Keywords

Emergency Room Blood Alcohol Concentration Violence Victimization Drinking Pattern Violence Perpetration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl J. Cherpitel
    • 1
  1. 1.Alcohol Research GroupWestern Consortium for Public HealthBerkeley

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