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Shifts in Abiotic Variables and Consequences for Diversity

  • Christopher D.G. HarleyEmail author
  • Sean D. Connell
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 206)

Abstract

Abiotic conditions in the oceans change naturally across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Recently, it has become abundantly clear that anthropogenic changes ranging from large-scale warming and ocean acidification to smaller-scale eutrophication and pollution are having important impacts on marine ecosystems as well. Whilst the relative importance of variation in abiotic factors depends upon the scale of interest, ecological responses are often determined by the combined influence of broader-scale (e.g. temperature and storm frequency) and local-scale interactions (e.g. catchment type×coastal morphology). Although this complexity continues to yield ecological surprises for conservation biologists and managers, continuing research on the importance of multiple and potentially interacting abiotic variables is helping to improve predictions regarding the ecological ramifications of human activities.

Keywords

Pacific Decadal Oscillation North Atlantic Oscillation Ocean Acidification North Atlantic Oscillation Index Anthropogenic Climate Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Southern Seas Ecology Laboratories, DP 418University of AdelaideAustralia

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