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Self-Assembled Monolayers of Chromophores on Gold Surfaces

  • Volker Kriegisch
  • Christoph LambertEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 258)

Abstract

In the last two decades the field of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) has received much attention both in research and for applications because of the stability and the simple handling of SAMs. In this account we present a short overview about the morphology and preparation of the different gold surfaces used for SAMs and about self-assembled alkanethiol monolayers on Au(111). The synthetic strategies and the aggregation of self-assembled chromophores on gold is described in more detail. The most important chromophores are introduced along with their spectroscopic UV/vis, fluorescence, electron and energy transfer characteristics. Applications of self-assembled dyes on gold as sensors, photoswitchable materials, catalysts and for photocurrent generation are outlined.

Chromophore Self-assembled monolayer (SAM) Gold Electron transfer  

Abbreviations

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

ARXPS

Angle resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

COx

Cytochrome oxidase

EN

Energy transfer

ET

Electron transfer

FET

Field-effect transistors

FT-IRRAS

Fourier transform infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy

GOD

Glucose oxidase

IRRAS

Infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy

ITO

Indium tin oxide

LB

Langmuir--Blodgett

MRH+-GOD

Protonated merocyanine-glucose oxidase

NEXAFS

Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy

NLO

Non-linear optical

OLED

Organic light-emitting diode

OPV

Oligophenylenevinylene

RAIR

Reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy

SAM

Self-assembled monolayer

SP-GOD

Nitrospiropyran-glucose oxidase

STM

Scanning tunnelling microscopy

TPP

Tetraphenylporphyrin

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität WürzburgInstitut für Organische ChemieWürzburgGermany

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