Advertisement

Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites

  • Arimitsu Usuki
  • Naoki Hasegawa
  • Makoto Kato
  • Shiro Kobayashi
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 179)

Abstract

The development of polymer-clay nanocomposite materials, in which nanometer-thick layers ofclay are dispersed in polymers, was first achieved about 15 years ago. Since then, the materialshave gradually become more widely used in applications such as automotive production. The first practicalnylon-clay nanocomposite was synthesized by a monomer intercalation technique; however, the productionprocess has been further developed and a compound technique is currently widely used. A polyolefinnanocomposite has been produced by the compound method and is now in practical use at small volumelevels. In this review, which focuses on nylon- and polyolefin-nanocomposites, detailed explanationsof production methods and material properties are described. This article contains mainly the authors’work, but aims to provide the reader with a comprehensive review that covers the works of otherlaboratories too. Lastly, the challenges and directions for future studies are included.

Clay Hybrid Intercalation Nylon Polyolefin 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ray SS, Okamoto M (2003) Prog Polym Sci 28:1539 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Usuki A, Kojima Y, Kawasumi M, Okada A, Kurauchi T, Kamigaito O (1993) J Mater Res 8:1174 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Usuki A, Kawasumi M, Kojima Y, Fukushima Y, Okada A, Kurauchi T, Kamigaito O (1993) J Mater Res 8:1179 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kojima Y, Usuki A, Kawasumi M, Fukushima Y, Okada A, Kurauchi T, Kamigaito O (1993) J Mater Res 8:1185 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Messersmith PB, Giannelis EP (1995) J Polym Sci A Polym Chem 33:1047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lan T, Pinnavaia TJ (1994) Chem Mater 6:2216 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Usuki A, Okamoto K, Okada A, Kurauchi T (1995) Kobunshi Ronbunshu 52:728 Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Biasci L, Aglietto M, Ruggeri G, Ciardelli F (1994) Polymer 35:3296 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Choo D, Jang LW (1996) J Appl Polym Sci 61:1117 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moet A, Salahuddin N, Hiltner A, Baer E, Akelah A (1994) Mat Res Soc Symp Proc 351:163 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fukumori K, Usuki A, Sato N, Okada A, Kurauchi T (1991) In: Kimpara I (ed) Proc 2nd Japan International SAMPE Symp. Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, Kamakura, Japan, p 89 Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kojima Y, Fukumori K, Usuki A, Okada A, Kurauchi T (1993) J Mater Sci Lett 12:889 Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yano K, Usuki A, Okada A, Kurauchi T (1993) J Polym Sci A Polym Chem 31:2493 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lan T, Kaviratna PD, Pinnavaia TJ (1994) Chem Mater 6:573 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Usuki A, Kato M, Okada A, Kurauchi T (1997) J Appl Polym Sci 63:137 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kawasumi M, Hasegawa N, Kato M, Usuki A, Okada A (1997) Macromolecules 30:6333 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Uribe-Arocha P, Mehler C, Puskas JE, Altstadt V (2003) Polymer 44:2441 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kojima Y, Usuki A, Kawasumi M, Okada A, Kurauchi T, Kamigaito O (1993) J Polym Sci A Polym Chem 31:1755 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu L, Qi Z, Zhu X (1999) J Appl Polym Sci 71:1133 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cho JW, Paul DR (2001) Polymer 42:1083 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fornes TD, Yoon PJ, Keskkula H, Paul DR (2001) Polymer 42:9929 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shah RK, Paul DR (2004) Polymer 45:2991 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hasegawa N, Okamoto H, Kato M, Usuki A, Sato N (2003) Polymer 44:2933 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Usuki A, Koiwai A, Kojima Y, Kawasumi M, Okada A, Kurauchi T, Kamigaito O (1995) J Appl Polym Sci 55:119 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kojima Y, Usuki A, Kawasumi M, Okada A, Kurauchi T, Kamigaito O, Kaji K (1995) J Polym Sci B Polym Phys 33:1039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Liu X, Wu Q, Berglund LA (2002) Polymer 43:4967 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wu Z, Zhou C, Qi R, Zhang H (2002) J Appl Polym Sci 83:2403 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu T, Lim KP, Tjiu WC, Pramoda KP, Chen ZK (2003) Polymer 44:3529 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kim GM, Lee DH, Hoffmann B, Kressler J, Stoppelmann G (2001) Polymer 42:1095 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gilman JW, Jackson CL, Morgan AB, Harris Jr RH, Manias E, Giannelis ER, Wuthenow M, Hilton D, Phillips SH (2000) Chem Mater 12:1866 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kashiwagi T, Harris RH Jr, Zhang X, Briber RM, Cipriano BH, Raghavan SR, Awad WH, Shields JR (2004) Polymer 45:881 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Fong H, Vaia RA, Sanders JH, Lincoln D, Vreugdenhil AJ, Jiu W, Bultman J, Chen C (2001) Chem Mater 13:4123 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hasegawa N, Okamoto H, Kawasumi M, Kato M, Tsukigase A, Usuki A (2000) Macromol Mater Eng 280/281:76 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kato M, Usuki A, Okada A (1997) J Appl Polym Sci 66:1781 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hasegawa N, Okamoto H, Kato M, Usuki A (2000) J Appl Polym Sci 78:1918 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hasegawa N, Kawasumi M, Kato M, Usuki A, Okada A (1998) J Appl Polym Sci 67:87 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kato M, Okamoto H, Hasegawa N, Tsukigase A, Usuki A (2003) Polym Eng Sci 43:1312 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hasegawa N, Okamoto H, Usuki A (2004) J Appl Polym Sci 93:758 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Usuki A, Tukigase A, Kato M (2002) Polymer 43:2185 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bergman JS, Chen H, Giannelis EP, Thomas MG, Coates GW (1999) Chem Commun 2179 Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Heinemann J, Reichert P, Thomann R, Mulhaupt R (1999) Macromol Rapid Comm 20:423 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Shin S-YA, Simon LC, Soares JBP, Scholz G (2003) Polymer 44:5317 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Wang ZM, Nakajima H, Manias E, Chung TC (2003) Macromolecules 36:8919 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Uyama H, Kuwabara M, Tsujimoto T, Nakano M, Usuki A, Kobayashi S (2003) Chem Mater 15:2492 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Maiti P, Yamada K, Okamoto M, Ueda K, Okamoto K (2002) Chem Mater 14:4654 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Nam JY, Ray SS, Okamoto M (2003) Macromolecules 36:7126 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Okamoto H, Nakano M, Ouchi M, Usuki A, Kageyama Y (2004) Mat Res Soc Symp Proc 791:399 Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ray SS, Okamoto K, Okamoto M (2003) Macromolecules 36:2355 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Darder M, Colilla M, Ruiz-Hitzky E (2003) Chem Mater 15:3774 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Uyama H, Kuwabara M, Tsujimoto T, Nakano M, Usuki A, Kobayashi S (2004) Macromol Biosci 4:354 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Yano K, Usuki A, Okada A (1997) J Polym Sci A Polym Chem 35:2289 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Hasegawa N, Okamoto H, Kawasumi M, Usuki A (1999) J Appl Polym Sci 74:3359 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arimitsu Usuki
    • 1
  • Naoki Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Makoto Kato
    • 1
  • Shiro Kobayashi
  1. 1.Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc.Nagakute, AichiJapan

Personalised recommendations