The development of polymer-clay nanocomposite materials, in which nanometer-thick layers ofclay are dispersed in polymers, was first achieved about 15 years ago. Since then, the materialshave gradually become more widely used in applications such as automotive production. The first practicalnylon-clay nanocomposite was synthesized by a monomer intercalation technique; however, the productionprocess has been further developed and a compound technique is currently widely used. A polyolefinnanocomposite has been produced by the compound method and is now in practical use at small volumelevels. In this review, which focuses on nylon- and polyolefin-nanocomposites, detailed explanationsof production methods and material properties are described. This article contains mainly the authors’work, but aims to provide the reader with a comprehensive review that covers the works of otherlaboratories too. Lastly, the challenges and directions for future studies are included.
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