Microorganisms and enzymes involved in the degradation of plant fiber cell walls

  • Ramesh Chander Kuhad
  • Ajay Singh
  • Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 57)

Abstract

One of natures most important biological processes is the degradation of lignocellulosic materials to carbon dioxide, water and humic substances. This implies possibilities to use biotechnology in the pulp and paper industry and consequently, the use of microorganisms and their enzymes to replace or supplement chemical methods is gaining interest. This chapter describes the structure of wood and the main wood components, cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins. The enzyme and enzyme mechanisms used by fungi and bacteria to modify and degrade these components are described in detail. Techniques for how to assay for these enzyme activities are also described. The possibilities for biotechnology in the pulp and paper industry and other fiber utilizing industries based on these enzymes are discussed.

Keywords

Lignin Degradation Cellulolytic Enzyme Veratryl Alcohol Clostridium Thermocellum Anaerobic Fungus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 0135 0245 V 2 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramesh Chander Kuhad
    • 1
  • Ajay Singh
    • 2
  • Karl-Erik L. Eriksson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of Delhi South CampusNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of WaterlooCanada
  3. 3.Center for Biological Resource Recovery, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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