Putting objects to work: Hypermedia as the subject matter and the medium for computer-supported cooperative work
One can observe the following parallel developments: an increasing merge of computer, network and telecommunication technology, new needs and markets in the information and media industry, indications of changes in the way people use information in their work and in their home environments. A common factor is the digitalization of information at the time it is processed or — resulting in more possibilities — when it is created. But the progress in networks and basic technology is not paralleled to the same degree by advances in the development of corresponding applications which — in the end — are necessary to justify the immense investments, e.g. in information super highways. One important class of applications is support for the cooperation of spatially distributed people working with shared information objects. We propose that “hypermedia” serve not only as the “subject matter” of cooperation but also as a “medium” for coordination, communication, and cooperation by using specific object types and exploiting their properties. In order to provide examples of how hypermedia can support telecooperation, we will present the design and implementation of two group aware applications — SEPIA and DOLPHIN — which were developed at GMD-IPSI.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.J. Conklin (1987). Hypertext: An introduction and survey. Computer, 20, 17–41.Google Scholar
- 3.S. Elrod, et al. (1992). Liveboard: a large interactive display supporting group meetings, presentations and remote collaboration. Proceedings of the CHI'92 Conference, Monterey, CA, USA (May 3–7, 1992), 599–607.Google Scholar
- 4.J. Haake & B. Wilson (1992). Supporting Collaborative Writing of Hyperdocuments in SEPIA. In Proceedings of the ACM 1992 Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW'92) (pp. 138–146) Toronto, Ontario, November 1–4, 1992. New York: ACM Press.Google Scholar
- 5.J. Haake, C. Neuwirth, & N. Streitz (1994). Coexistence and Transformations of Informal and Formal Structures: Requirements for More Flexible Hypermedia Systems. GMD-IPSI Technical Report, April 1994.Google Scholar
- 7.F. Halasz (1991). “Seven issues”: Revisited. Final Keynote Talk at the 3rd ACM Conference on Hypertext, San Antonio, TX, December 15–18, 1991.Google Scholar
- 8.C. Marshall & A. Rogers (1992). Two years before the mist: Experiences with Aquanet. Proceedings of the ACM European Conference on Hypertext (ECHT'92), Milano, Italy, Nov. 30–Dec. 4, 1992, 53–62.Google Scholar
- 9.T. Nelson (1987). Literary machines. Edition 87.1Google Scholar
- 10.H. Schütt & J. Haake (1993). Server Support for Cooperative Hypermedia Environments. In H. Frei & P. SchÄuble (eds.), Hypermedia'93. (pp. 45–56) Springer.Google Scholar
- 11.H. Schütt & N. Streitz (1990). HyperBase: A Hypermedia Engine Based on a Relational Database Management System. In A. Rizk, N. Streitz, & J. André (eds.), Hypertext: Concepts, Systems, and Applications (ECHT'90) (pp. 95–108). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- 12.N. Streitz, J. Hannemann & M. Thüring (1989). From Ideas and Arguments to Hyperdocuments: Travelling through Activity Spaces. In Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Conference on Hypertext (Hypertext'89) (pp. 343–364). ACM Press.Google Scholar
- 13.N. Streitz, J. Haake, J. Hannemann, A. Lemke, W. Schuler, H. Schütt & M. Thüring (1992). SEPIA: A Cooperative Hypermedia Authoring Environment. In Proceedings of the fourth International ACM Conference on Hypertext (ECHT '92) (pp. 11–22) Milano, Italy, November 30–December 4, 1992. ACM Press.Google Scholar
- 14.N. Streitz, J. Gei\ler, J. Haake, & J. Hol (1994). DOLPHIN: Integrated Meeting Support across Liveboards, Local and Remote Desktop Environments. Technical Report (Arbeitspapiere der GMD) No. 828, February 1994.Google Scholar