Dressing virtual humans

  • Nadia Magnenat Thalmann
  • Pascal Volino
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1195)


Scenes involving virtual humans imply many complex problems to manage. We slowly come to the point of simulating real-looking virtual humans. In a short future, we will not be able to see any difference between a real person and a virtual one. However, the synthesis of realistic virtual humans leads to obtain and include the specific features of the character of interest. For well-known personalities such as Marilyn, Humphrey, or Elvis, there is less scope for mistakes as the deviations will be very easily detected by the spectator. In this paper, we emphasize an important issue in the creation of realistic virtual actors: the creation and animation of their clothes.


Computer Graphic Collision Detection Computer Animation Deformable Object Virtual Human 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aono M. (1990) “A Wrinkle Propagation Model for Cloth”. In: Proc. Computer Graphics International, Springer-Verlag, pp.96–115Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baraff D. (1990) “Curved Surfaces and Coherence for Non-Penetrating Rigid Body Simulation”. Proc. SIGGRAPH'90, Computer Graphics 24(4), pp.19–28Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baraff D., Witkin A. (1992) “Dynamic Simulation of Non-Penetrating Flexible Bodies”, In: Proc. SIGGRAPH '92, Computer Graphics 26(2), pp.303–308Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Breen D.E., House D.H., Wozny M.J. (1994) “Predicting the Drape ofWoven Cloth using Interacting Particles, In: Proc. SIGGRAPH'94, Computer Graphics 28(4), pp.365–372Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carignan M., Yang Y., Magnenat Thalmann N., Thalmann D. (1992) “Dressing Animated Synthetic Actors with Complex Deformable Clothes”. In: Proc. SIG-GRAPH'92, Computer Graphics 26(2), pp.99–104Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Denby E.F. (1976) “The Deformation of Fabrics during Wrinkling — A Theoretical Approach”, Textile Research Journal, Lancaster PA., 46, pp.667–670Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Duff T. (1992) “Interval Arithmetic and Recursive Subdivision for Implicit Functions and Constructive Solid Geometry”. In: Proc. SIGGRAPH'92, Computer Graphics, 26(2), pp.131–138Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Haumann D.R., Parent R.E. (1988) “The Behavioral Test-Bed: Obtaining Complex Behavior With Simple Rules”. The Visual Computer, Springer-Verlag, 4, pp.332–347Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hinds B.K., McCartney J. (1990) “Interactive garment design”, The Visual Computer, Springer-Verlag, 6, pp.53–61Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kunii T.L., Gotoda H. (1990) “Modeling and Animation of Garment Wrinkle Formation processes”. In: Proc. Computer Animation '90, Springer-Verlag, pp.131–146Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lafleur B., Magnenat Thalmann N., Thalmann D. (1991) “Cloth Animation with Self-Collision Detection”. In: Proc. IFIP Conference on Modeling in Computer Graphics, Springer, pp.179–187Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lin M.C., Manocha D. (1993) “Interference Detection between Curved Objects for Computer Animation”. In: Proc. Computer Animation '93, Springer-Verlag, pp.43–55Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Magnenat-Thalmann N., Thalmann D. (1991) “Flashback”, video, 1 min., SIG-GRAPH Video ReviewGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Magnenat-Thalmann N., Thalmann D. (1992) “Fashion Show”, video, 1 minGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Magnenat-Thalmann N., Yang Y. (1991) “Techniques for Cloth Animation”. In: Magnenat-Thalmann N., Thalmann D. (eds.) New Trends in Animation and Visualization. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., pp.243–256Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mangen A., Lasudry N. (1991) Search for the Intersection Polygon of any Two Polygons: Application to the Garment Industry. Computer Graphics Forum 10, pp.19–208Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Moore M., Wilhelms J. (1988) “Collision Detection and Response for Computer Animation”. In: Proc. SIGGRAPH'88 Computer Graphics 22(4), pp.289–298Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Morton W.E., Hearle J.W.S. (1962) “Physical properties of textile fibers”, Manchester and London, The Textile Institute, ButterworthsGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shinya M., Forgue M.C. (1991) “Interference Detection through Rasterisation”. Journal of Visualisation and Computer Animation, J. Wiley & Sons, 4(2), pp 132–134Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Snyder J.M., Woodbury A.R., Fleisher K., Currin B., Barr A.H. (1993) “Interval Methods for Multi-Point Collisions between Time-Dependant Curved Surfaces”. Computer Graphics annual series, pp.321–334Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Terzopoulos D., Platt J.C., Barr A.H. (1987) “Elastically Deformable Models”. In: Proc. SIGGRAPH'87, Computer Graphics 21, pp.205–214Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Volino P., Courchesne M., Magnenat Thalmann N. (1995) “Versatile and Efficient Techniques for Simulating Cloth and Other Deformable Objects”. Computer Graphics 29, pp.137–144Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Von Herzen B., Barr A.H., Zatz H.R. (1990) “Geometric Collisions for Time-Dependant Parametric Surfaces”. In: Proc. SIGGRAPH'90, Computer Graphics 24(4), pp.39–48Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Weil J. (1986) “The synthesis of Cloth Objects”, Proc. SIGGRAPH'86, Computer Graphics 4, pp.49–54Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Werner H.M., Magnenat Thalmann N., Thalmann D. (1993) “User Interface for Fashion Design”, Graphics Design and Visualisation, IFIP Trans. North Holland, pp.197–204Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Witkin A., Welch W. (1990) “Fast Animation and Control of Non-Rigid Structures”. In: Proc. SIGGRAPH'90, Computer Graphics 24, pp.243–252Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yang Y., Magnenat Thalmann N. (1993) “An Improved Algorithm for Collision Detection in Cloth Animation with Human Body”. In: Proc. Pacific Graphics '93, Computer Graphics and Applications, World Scientific Publishing, 1, pp.237–251Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadia Magnenat Thalmann
    • 1
  • Pascal Volino
    • 1
  1. 1.MIRALabUniversity of GenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations