Network formation by chain crosslinking photopolymerization and its applications in electronics

  • Johan G. Kloosterboer
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 84)

Abstract

The formation of densely crosslinked networks by chain crosslinking photopolymerization is discussed in relation to selected applications in the electronics industry. All of these applications make use of the high speed and of the latitude to meet other requirements by variation of the chemical structure of the monomers. The selection comprises:
  1. 1.

    The coating of optical fibers;

     
  2. 2.

    The replication of optical discs;

     
  3. 3.

    The replication of aspherical lenses, used for laser read-out of these discs.

     

Other important processes will only be mentioned briefly for the benefit of a discussion of more fundamental results that have been obtained during the study of the selected examples. These results relate to the crosslink density, the influence of light intensity on polymer structure, the relation between shrinkage and chemical conversion, a parallel with physical aging, kinetics during vitrification, the importance of chain transfer, the build-up of peroxides in photopolymers and computer simulation of network formation by crosslinking polymerization. This serves to illustrate the continuous interaction between development of applications and fundamental research.

Abbreviations of Compounds

BDDA

1,4-butanediol diacrylate

DMPA

α,α-dimethoxy-α-phenylacetophenone

DEGDA

di-ethylene glycol diacrylate

EHA

2-ethylhexyl acrylate

HDDA

1,6-hexanediol diacrylate

HEBDM

bis(2-hydroxyethyl)bisphenol-A dimethacrylate

HMPP

2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenylpropane-1-one

HCPK

1-hydroxycyclohexyl phenyl ketone

MMA

methyl methacrylate

n-PA

n-propyl acrylate

NVP

N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone

TEGDA

tetraethylene glycol diacrylate

TMPTA

trimethylolpropane triacrylate

TPGDA

tripropylene glycol diacrylate

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johan G. Kloosterboer
    • 1
  1. 1.Philips Research LaboratoriesEindhovenThe Netherlands

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