Competitiveness of the Travel and Tourism Industry in Latin America

Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 208)


Latin America is a prosperous and competitive region based on the activity of its travel and tourism. Globally, it is ranked third in competitiveness, after of Europe and Asia-Pacific, according to the publication of the WTTR 2019. This article shows an analysis of the competitiveness of their countries, using WTTE published from 2007 to 2019 by the WEF. For the first publication of these reports, 20 countries in the region were located, located in quartiles 2, 3 and 4 of the global position. For 2019, 21 countries are positioned, highlighting Mexico and Brazil in Quartile 1 worldwide. When making a detailed analysis of the subscripts scored in this last report, an important proximity is observed between New Zealand and Costa Rica in Conditions and policies in T&T. When performing this same analysis of the pillars, Mexico ranks first globally and in the region in Natural Resources are Malta and Jamaica have the same score in T&T Prioritization. It is shown that the region and its countries have managed to position themselves competitively worldwide.


Travel and tourism industry competitiveness index World report travel and tourism competitiveness Travel and tourism industry: Latin America 


  1. 1.
    Quijano, A.: Dependencia, Cambio Social y Dependencia en Latinoamérica. en (1976). CEPAL
  2. 2.
    Zarate, A.: Notas sobre el modulo urbano latinoamiericano. In: Serie VI, Geografía, pp. 267–290 (1989)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Estrada, S., Pacheco-Vega, R.: Sistemas y políticas de investigación, desarrollo e innovación: algunas propuestas. Espiral 15, 31–76 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zurbriggen, C.: Innovación y co-creación: nuevos desafios para las políticas públicas. Revista de gestión pública 3, 329–361 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vásquez, C., Torres-Samuel, M., Viloria, A.: Public policies in science and technology in Latina American Contries with universitiers in the top 100 of web ranking. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vidal, R.: ¿Latinoamericanos? Emprendedores competitivos. Revista Globalización, Competititvidad y Gobernanza, pp. 126–140 (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    WEF: The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019. Travel and Tourism at a Tipping Point. Geneva: World Economic Forum (2019)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    WTTC: World Travel and Tourism Council (2020). Obtenido de
  9. 9.
    WEF: World Econnomic Forum (2020). Obtenido de
  10. 10.
    Domareski, T., Chim, A.: Competitividad e innovación: Teoría versus Práctica en la medida de competitividad turística. El Periplo Sustentable 36, 134–156 (2019)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Domareski, T., Chim, A., Dos Anjos, F.: Competitiveness, Economic Legacy and Tourism Impacts: World Cup. Revista Investigaciones Turísticas, pp. 49–70 (2019)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Buendía, E.: El papel de la Ventaja Competitiva en el Desarrollo ecoónmico de los paises. Análisis Económico 28, 55–78 (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    WEF: The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2007. Furthering the Process of Economic Development. Geneva, Switzerland: World Economic Forum (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    IATA: International Air Transport Association (2020). Obtenido de
  15. 15.
    UNWTO: World Tourism Organization (2020). Obtenido de
  16. 16.
    UNCATD: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2020). Obtenido de
  17. 17.
    UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2020). Obtenido de
  18. 18.
    WEF: The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2009. Managing in a Time of Turbulence. World Economic Forum, Geneva (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    WEF: The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2015. Growth through Shocks. World Economic Forum, Geneva (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Nacional Experimental Politécnica Antonio José de SucreCaracasVenezuela
  2. 2.Universidad de La CostaBarranquillaColombia

Personalised recommendations