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Applications of Thermophiles

  • Jujjavarapu Satya Eswari
  • Swasti Dhagat
  • Ramkrishna Sen
Chapter

Abstract

Bioremediation, in environmental biotechnology, is a strategy to control pollution naturally with the help of biological species. The biological species (microorganisms, plants, fungi, or their enzymes) catalyze the biodegradation or biotransformation of toxic chemicals to less toxic forms and hence return the contaminated environment to its original state. EPA describes bioremediation as “treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down hazardous substances into less toxic or non-toxic substances.” The conventional techniques of environment remediation require high input of power and water for degradation of pollutants by thermally enhanced recovery, thermal incineration and desorption, chemical treatment, and in situ flushing of soil by water which further requires treatment of flushed water. The microorganisms cannot degrade inorganic contaminants, and hence not all microorganisms can be used for bioremediation. They can change the valence state of inorganic compounds, precipitate, adsorb, or accumulate the contaminants intracellularly, thereby decreasing the concentration of these inorganic contaminants.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jujjavarapu Satya Eswari
    • 1
  • Swasti Dhagat
    • 1
  • Ramkrishna Sen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyNational Institute of TechnologyRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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