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New Technologies to Implement Precise Management of Farming in a City

  • Tadashi ChosaEmail author
  • Hitoshi Kato
  • Rei Kikuchi
Chapter

Abstract

Robotics is a key technology to innovate various industries such as manufacturing, medical care, nursing care, transportation, and agriculture. The robot that can talk and communicate with people is currently available on the market. Robot tractors have been studied for a long time since the 1990s. The accumulation of technology has assisted recent ICT agricultural and robotic technology. Applications of drones to monitor crop growth, the growth environment, and application of materials, among the many others, have increased, and the deployment of flying robots is expected to expand. The situation that miniaturization of sensors, progress of AI, and dissemination of communication technology, etc. are progressing daily favors the development of small robots. The use of compact robots in housework, logistics, medical care, and the like that are close to our daily living just starts. Application of small-sized robots in actual agricultural work and contribution to agricultural production is discussed in the first section.

The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is a generic term for the generally recognized GPS, QZSS, and other satellite positioning systems. Calculation algorithm of positioning system is described in the second section to realize a driving support system for a farming guidance system based on GNSS and automatic driving assistance.

Producing fruits around urban regions is popular in Japan. However, the fruit production around a city has some issues that need to be addressed. When the farmers spray pesticides and apply chemical fertilizers in the field that is close to houses, the residents will complain about the work. Managing work on fruit production should be done precisely and carefully in urban region. The various information from a plant body such as leaves, branches, flowers, etc. provides management solutions on irrigation timing, amount of water to farmers, etc. The information includes changes in photosynthetic capacity, transpiration, and water transport inside a plant body, among the many others. An attempt monitoring the stem diameter displacement of blueberry plant by using a small load cell with high precision is explained for obtaining biological information in the third section.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of AgricultureTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  2. 2.Division of Lowland Farming, Central Region Agricultural Research CenterNational Agriculture and Food Research OrganizationTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Division of Farming Systems Research, Western Region Agricultural Research CenterNational Agriculture and Food Research OrganizationFukuyamaJapan

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