Advertisement

Energy Production from Wasted Biomass

  • Miftahul Choiron
  • Seishu TojoEmail author
  • Megumi Ueda
Chapter

Abstract

The production of wastes in various forms is the consequence of human activities, and the waste-related problems are becoming more serious with increasing human population and activities. The degradable organic waste originated from agricultural products and foods contains recoverable energy existing in many forms of components. There are several waste-to-energy technologies including bio-gasification/anaerobic digestion available for recovering the energy.

Recent energy research emphasizes issues on the depletion of fossil fuel and adverse environmental impacts. The extensive use of fossil fuel causes the emission of a large quantity of waste gas known as the greenhouse gas. Using renewable energy is expected to not only provide energy but also solve other problems such as waste discharge, gas emission, and global warming, among others. Hydrogen gas is universally recognized as an environmentally safe and renewable energy. The combustion of hydrogen gas produces only water, thus making it an ideal alternative energy to fossil fuels. Hot compressed water (HCW) is the condition of liquid water when it is subject to elevated temperature and pressure. Many agricultural and food industrial wastes containing cellulose or hemicellulose are degraded with HCW treatment at high temperature and pressure into soluble oligomers. An attempt of biohydrogen production from biomass by using HCW method as pretreatment is explained.

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) generates electricity by extracting the electronic current directly from organic matter biologically. However, the biological process to decompose organic matter and produce electricity is time-consuming. The integrated MFC system consists of producing hydrogen gas as a combustible fuel by hydrogen fermentation in the first stage and generating electricity by MFC in the secondary stage. The biological hydrogen fermentation in the first stage also produces organic acids that can be used as the substrate for generating electricity in the second stage. The MFC system is an adaptable technology to meet the power demand needed for operating the agricultural systems and facilities in urban regions.

References

  1. Ahilan V, Wilhelm M, Rezwan K (2018) Porous polymer derived ceramic (PDC)-montmorillonite-H3PMo12O40/SiO2 composite membranes for microbial fuel cell (MFC) application. Ceram Int 44:19191–19199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alshiyab HS, Kalil MS, Hamid AA, Yusoff WMW (2008) Trace metal effect on hydrogen production using C.acetobutylicum. J Biol Sci 8(1):1–9. Online.  https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2008.1.9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alshiyab HS, Kalil MS, Hamid AA, Yusoff WMW (2009) Improvement of biohydrogen production under increased the reactor size by C. acetobutylicum NCIMB 13357. Am J Environ Sci 5(1):33–40.  https://doi.org/10.3844/ajes.2009.33.40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buendia-Kandia F, Mauviel G, Guedon E, Rondags E, Petitjean D, Dufour A (2018) Decomposition of cellulose in hot-compressed water: detailed analysis of the products and effect of operating conditions. Energy Fuel 32(4):4127–4138.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b02994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cavinato C, Giuliano A, Bolzonella D, Pavan P, Cecchi F (2012) Bio-hythane production from food waste by dark fermentation coupled with anaerobic digestion process: a long-term pilot scale experience. Int J Hydrog Energy 37(15):11549–11555.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.03.065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chandrasekhar K, Lee Y, Lee D (2015) Review: biohydrogen production: strategies to improve process efficiency through microbial routes. Int J Mol Sci 16.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16048266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Das S, Bhattacharyya BK (2015) Optimization of municipal solid waste collection and transportation routes. Waste Manag 43:9–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.06.033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dincer I, Acar C (2015) Review and evaluation of hydrogen production methods for better sustainability. Int J Hydrog Energy 40:11094–11111.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.12.035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Elreedy A, Tawfik A (2015) Effect of hydraulic retention time on hydrogen production from the dark fermentation of petrochemical effluents contaminated with Ethylene Glycol. Energy Procedia 74:1071–1078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Engliman NS, Abdul PM, Wu S, Jahim JM (2017) Influence of iron (II) oxide nanoparticle on biohydrogen production in thermophilic mixed fermentation. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:27482–27493.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhy-dene.2017.05.224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fang HHP, Liu H (2002) Effect of pH on hydrogen production from glucose by a mixed culture. Bioresour Technol 28(1):87–93.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00110-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Feng Y, Yang Q, Wang X, Logan BE (2010) Treatment of carbon fiber brush anodes for improving power generation in air–cathode microbial fuel cells. J Power Sources 195:1841–1844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hans M, Kumar S (2018) Biohythane production in two-stage anaerobic digestion system. Int J Hydrog Energy.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.10.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Illanes FS, Estela T, Schiappacasse MC, Eric T, Gonzalo R (2017) Impact of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and pH on dark fermentative hydrogen production from glycerol. Energy 141:358–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014: mitigation of climate change. Contribution of working group III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Japan Environmental Sanitation Center (JESC) (2012) Solid waste management and recycling technology of Japan: toward a sustainable society. https://www.env.go.jp/en/recycle/smcs/attach/swmrt.pdf
  17. Kashima H, Nyunoya H, Oto M, Tojo S (2008) Effect of bacterial stress on hydrogen fermentation microflora. ASABE Annual International Meeting, Providence, Rhode Island. U.S.A. Paper No.08–4058Google Scholar
  18. Khoiron (2014) Evaluation of municipal solid waste management in Jember District. In: Proceeding of conference: the 5th sustainable future for Human Security (SustaiN 2014). ISSN: 2188–0999Google Scholar
  19. Kim D, Han S, Kim S, Shin H (2006) Effect of gas sparging on continuous fermentative hydrogen production. Int J Hydrog Energy 31(15):2158–2169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kim DH, Kim SH, Kim KY, Shin HS (2010) Experience of a pilot scale hydrogen-producing anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) treating food waste. Int J Hydrog Energy 35(4):1590–1594.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.12.041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kook L, Kaufer B, Bakonyi P, Rozsenberszki T, Rivera I, Buitron G, Belafi-Bako K, Nemestothy N (2019) Supported ionic liquid membrane based on [bmim][PF6] can be a promising separator to replace Nafion in microbial fuel cells and improve energy recovery: a comparative process evaluation. J Membr Sci 570–571:215–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kruse A, Dinjus E (2007) Hot compressed water as reaction medium and reactant properties and synthesis reactions. J Supercrit Fluids 39:362–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kuribayashi M, Tojo S, Chosa T, Murayama T, Sasaki K, Kotaka H (2017) Developing a new technology for the two phase methane fermentation sludge recirculation process. Chem Eng Trans 58:475–480.  https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1758080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee YW, Chung J (2010) Bioproduction of hydrogen from food waste by pilot-scale combined hydrogen/methane fermentation. Int J Hydrog Energy 35(21):11746–11755.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.08.093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lee H-S, Vermaas WFJ, Rittmann BE (2010) Biological hydrogen production: prospects and challenges. Trends Biotechnol 28(5):262–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Levin DB, Pitt L, Love M (2004) Biohydrogen production: prospects and limitations to practical application. Int J Hydrog Energy 29(2):173–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liao Q, Qu XF, Chen R, Wang YZ, Zhu X, Lee DJ (2012) Improvement of hydrogen production with Rhodopseudomonas palustris CQK-01 by Ar gas sparging. Int J Hydrog Energy 37(20):15443–15449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Logan BE, Rabaey K (2012) Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies. Science 337(6095):686–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Logan BE, Hamelers B, Rozendal R, Schröder U, Keller J, Freguia S, Aelterman P, Verstraete W, Rabaey K (2006) Microbial fuel cells: methodology and technology. Environ Sci Technol 40(17):5181–5192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lovley DR, Nevin KP (2011) A shift in the current: new applications and concepts for microbe-electrode electron exchange. Curr Opin Biotechnol 22:441–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Machnicka A, Suschka J, Grubel K (2004) the importance of potassium and magnesium ions in biological phosphorus removal from wastewater. Polish-Swedish Seminar, Integration and Optimization of Urban Sanitation Systems. https://www.kth.se/polopoly_fs/1.650776!/JPS12p49.pdf
  32. Miyahara M, Hashimoto K, Watanabe K (2016) Use of cassette-electrode microbial fuel cell for wastewater treatment. J Biosci Bioeng 115(2):176–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mohammadi P, Ibrahim S, Annuar MSM, Ghafari S, Vikineswary S, Zinatizadeh AA (2012) Influences of environmental and operational factors on dark fermentative hydrogen production: a review. Clean (Weinh) 40(11):1297–1305.  https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201100007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mota VT, Júnior F, Trably E, Zaiat M (2017) Biohydrogen production at pH below 3.0: is it possible? Water Res 128:350–361.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WATRES.2017.10.060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Nagatsu Y, Tachiuchi K, Narong T, Hibino T (2014) Factors for improving the performance of sediment microbial fuel cell. J Jpn Soc Civ Eng (B2) 70(2):1066–1070Google Scholar
  36. Oh YK, Park MS, Seol EH, Lee SJ, Park S (2003) Isolation of hydrogen-producing bacteria from granular sludge of an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 8(1):54–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Okamoto A, Hashimoto K, Nakamura R (2012) Long-range electron conduction of Shewanella biofilms mediated by outer membrane C-type cytochromes. Bioelectrochemistry 85:61–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Qiu C, Yuan P, Sun L, Wang S, Lo S, Zhang D (2017) Effect of fermentation temperature on hydrogen production from xylose and the succession of hydrogen-producing microflora. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 92(8):1990–1997.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ramos TRP, Morais CS, Barbosa-Póvoa AP (2018) The smart waste collection routing problem: alternative operational management approaches. Expert Syst Appl 103:146–158.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2018.03.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Reguera G, McCarthy KD, Mehta T, Nicoll JS, Tuominen MT, Lovley DR (2005) Extracellular electron transfer via microbial nanowires. Nature 435:1098–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rojas MPA, Fonseca SG, Silva CC, Oliveira VM, Zaiata M (2015) The use of the carbon/nitrogen ratio and specific organic loading rate as tools for improving biohydrogen production in fixed-bed reactors. Biotechnol Rep 5:46–54.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.btre.2014.10.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Schmidt O, Gambhir A, Staffell I, Hawkes A, Nelson J, Few S (2017) Future cost and performance of water electrolysis: an expert elicitation study. Int J Hydrog Energy 42(52):30470–30492.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.10.045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ueda M, Ichioka T, Chosa T, Tojo S (2016) Electricity generation characteristics of microbial fuel cell using substrate of volatile fatty acids from hydrogen fermentation. ISMAB 2016, Niigata, Japan, IV-13Google Scholar
  44. Ueno Y, Haruta S, Ishii M, Igarashi Y (2001) Characterization of a microorganism isolated from the effluent of hydrogen fermentation by microflora. J Biosci Bioeng 92(4):397–400.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1389-1723(01)80247-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2005) Solid waste management. CalRecovery Inc. www.unep.or.jp/ietc/publications/spc/solid_waste_management/Vol_I/Binder1.pdf
  46. Wang J, Wan W (2008) Effect of temperature on fermentative hydrogen production by mixed cultures. Int J Hydrog Energy 33(20):5392–5397.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.07.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang J, Yin Y (2017) Biohydrogen production from organic wastes. Springer, Singapore.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4675-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yamashita T, Ishida M, Asakawa S, Kanamori H, Sasaki H, Ogino A, Katayose Y, Hatta T, Yokoyama H (2019) Enhanced electrical power generation using flame-oxidized stainless steel anode in microbial fuel cells and the anodic community structure. Biotechnol Biofuels 9:62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yokoi H, Maki R, Hirose J, Hayashi S (2002) Microbial production of H2 from starch-manufacturing wastes. Biomass Bioenergy 22(5):389–395.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00014-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yu Y, Shafie ZM, Wu H (2013) Cellobiose decomposition in hot-compressed water: importance of isomerization reactions. Ind Eng Chem Res 52(47):17006–17014.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie403140qCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agro-industrial TechnologyUniversity of JemberJemberIndonesia
  2. 2.Institute of AgricultureTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  3. 3.United Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan

Personalised recommendations