Recycle-Based Organic Agriculture in Japan and the World
In the first section, possibilities and challenges in project-type organic agriculture in Central Vietnam are examined. Findings and lessons learned from promoting organic agriculture in buffer zone villages of Bach Ma National Park are evaluated. The project team proposes that the multipurpose use of charcoal is an appropriate technology to be applied in this area. The objective is to improve their livelihood through the use of charcoal in both agricultural industry and livestock husbandry. Another project is creating organic vegetable supply chain in Hue City. This project aims to spread biogas digesters using livestock manure and organic vegetable cultivation using biogas residue.
In the second section, a corporate-type organic agriculture in Indonesia is introduced. This foundation has the cooperating farmers around the estate and cultivates more than 70 kinds of vegetable and horticultural crops all year round. They employ mechanical soil conservation techniques such as making bench terraces with beds following the soil contour or cutting slopes or perpendicular sides combined with vegetative techniques by planting grass or other plants to reinforce terraces. To disseminate this organic agriculture, the foundation regularly organizes organic farming training sessions and workshops, which are attended by various stakeholders such as students, farmers, practitioners, and other professionals to transfer knowledge from the experts to the participants.
In the third section, an emergent-type local organic agriculture in Japan is explained. A biogas plant established and operated by a nonprofitable organization (NPO) is producing digested slurry and supplying it to the farming fields as organic fertilizer. The NPO provides detailed recipes for the use of digested slurry in the paddy and vegetable fields. Among the 397 commercial farmers in Ogawamachi, 33 engage in organic agriculture. These organic farmers are associated with the trainees working at a leading farm. After the training period, some trainees become new farmers and lead local groups to engage in organic farming.
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