The Correlation Between Urban Morphology Parameters and Incident Solar Radiation Performance to Enhance Pedestrian Comfort, Case Study Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • Badia MasoudEmail author
  • Helena Coch
  • Benoit Beckers
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 163)


Many urban studies have evaluated the impact of urban morphology on the microclimate of cities, and it has been shown that the influence is substantial. One of the significant impacts on outdoor thermal comfort in hot climate cities depends on solar radiation. The city of Jeddah is expected to start constructing a subway in 2020 that is likely to drastically change the behaviors of its inhabitants. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the relationship between modern and contemporary morphology and the potential of incident solar radiation to enhance pedestrian comfort by avoiding transit under this harsh solar radiation. The authors have evaluated the performance of two urban layouts, with different building densities to investigate the extent to which morphological features of the built environment can affect solar penetration on the streets. Moreover, the study assessed the influence of various built parameters such as street geometry (H/W ratio, streets orientations) and the solar indicator (Sky View Factor). Results show that in the low rise building layouts, the orientation of streets and the H/W ratio are not reliable. Moreover, it is difficult to reduce solar radiation penetration on the streets by modifying the morphology. Therefore, other ways should be tested to shade from solar penetration. Furthermore, the authors have observed that for high rise building layouts, pedestrian comfort could be modified through the adjacent morphology.


Urban morphology Incident solar radiation Pedestrian comfort 



The authors thank the Spanish Ministry of Education for supporting this work under project code: BIA2016-77675-R. And special thanks to the Ministry of Education of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for supporting and funding this work.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Architecture and Energy Research Group-School of Architecture, Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Building and Public Works (ISABTP)Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, Allée du Parc MontauryAngletFrance

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