Adaptive Design to Mitigate the Effects of UHI: The Case Study of Piazza Togliatti in the Municipality of Scandicci

  • Rosa RomanoEmail author
  • Roberto Bologna
  • Giulio Hasanaj
  • Maria Vittoria Arnetoli
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 163)


The relationship between microclimate and built environment has been explored for almost 40 years, with reference not only to architecture but also to urban and to landscape design as instruments to increase the outdoor comfort. Recently, scientific studies on urban climate pay attention to Urban Heat Island (UHI) and related mitigation strategies as the main focus theme, also by developing new sustainable urban design assessment methods. Moving from these considerations, this paper aims to describe some results of the research ‘Adaptive design and innovative technology for resilient regeneration of urban district depending on climate change’, focused on the study of technological solutions that are able to improve the resilience of the built environment, also reducing the effects of the UHI. Furthermore, attention is given to the issue of urban space design, implemented as an instrument that is able to promote the regeneration of urban districts. In detail, this article presents two design proposals developed for Piazza Togliatti in Scandicci (Florence), analysing the results achieved (in terms of atmospheric temperature and predicted mean vote) by means of the ENVI-Met software.


Adaptive design Urban heat islands Urban spaces design 


  1. 1.
    United Nations: Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for development (2015).
  2. 2.
    IPCC: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Akbari, H., Cartalis, C., Kolokotsa, D., Muscio, A., Pisello, A.L., Rossi, F., Santamouris, M., Synnefa, A., Wong, N.H., Zinzi, M.: Local climate change and urban heat island mitigation techniques—the state of the art. J. Civ. Eng. Manag. 22(1), 1–16 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grimmond, C.S.B., Ward, H.C., Kotthaus, S.: How is urbanization altering local and regional climate? In: Seto, K.C., Solecki, W.D., Griffith, C.A. (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Urbanization and Global Environmental Change. Routledge (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Santamouris, M.: Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment. Routledge, Abingdon-on-Thames, UK (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dessì, V.: Urban materials for comfortable open spaces. World Renewable Energy Congress—Sweden; 8–13 May 2011; Linköping; Sweden, pp. 3300–3307 (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Armstrong, B.G., Chalabi, Z., Fenn, B., Hajat, S., Kovats, S., Milojevic, A., Wilkinson, P.: Association of mortality with high temperatures in a temperate climate: England and Wales. J. Epidemiol. Commun. Health 65, 340–345 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hajat, S., O’Connor, M., Kosatsky, T.: Health effects of hot weather: from awareness of risk factors to effective health protection. Lancet 375(9717), 856–863 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Santamouris, M.: Regulating the damaged thermostat of the cities—status, impacts and mitigation strategies. Energy Build. 91, 43–56 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Arnetoli, M.V.: Climate resilience and urban regeneration. Innovative methods and tools for the project: the case study of public spaces in Scandicci. Degree Thesis, Department of Architecture, University of Florence (2018)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ambrosini, D., Galli, G., Mancini, B., Nardi, I., Sfarra, S.: Evaluating mitigation effects of urban heat islands in a historical small center with the ENVI-Met® climate model. Sustainability 6, 7013–7029 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Evola, G., Gagliano, A., Fichera, A., Marletta, L., Martinico, F., Nocera, F., Pagano, A.: UHI effects and strategies to improve outdoor thermal comfort in dense and old neighbourhoods. Energy Procedia 134, 692–701 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jendritzky, G., Nübler, W.: A model analysing the urban thermal environment in physiologically significant terms. Arch. Met. Geoph. Biokl. Ser. B. 29(31), 313–326 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Crisci, A., Morabito, M., Nardino, M.: UNIFI IBIMET PRIN 2015 Climatic Database (Version 1.0) [Data set]. Zenodo (2018).
  15. 15.
    Rehan, R.M.: Cool city as a sustainable example of heat island management case study of the coolest city in the world. HBRC J. 12, 191–207 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kleerekoper, L., van Esch, M., Baldiri, Salcedo T.: How to make a city climate-proof, addressing the urban heat island effect. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 64, 30–38 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosa Romano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Roberto Bologna
    • 1
  • Giulio Hasanaj
    • 1
  • Maria Vittoria Arnetoli
    • 1
  1. 1.Architecture Department DIDAFlorence UniversityFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations