Shared Microbiome in Different Ecosystems: A Meta-Omics Perspective

  • Arghavan AlisoltaniEmail author
  • Akebe Luther King Abia
  • Linda Bester


Recent progress in the sequencing technologies and other omics approaches have had a profound impact on microbiology and helped to develop a more complete picture of the microbial composition and function of different ecosystems. One of the observations from meta-omics research is some microbes are ubiquitous in diverse ecosystems and that such shared microbiota could act as a backbone to support ecosystem function. This chapter describes current meta-omics projects studying this issue and addresses the potential of publicly available data to (i) identify the shared microbes that inhabit different environments and to (ii) study the microbial-core functions. We also discuss key challenges, gaps, and perspectives of meta-omic studies to help researchers to take the next steps forward.


Core function Meta-omics Microbiota Shared microbiome 



We thank Prof. Adam Godzik for assistance with editing and for his valuable comments that greatly improved the manuscript.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arghavan Alisoltani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Akebe Luther King Abia
    • 2
  • Linda Bester
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Biomedical Sciences, School of MedicineUniversity of California, RiversideRiversideUSA
  2. 2.Antimicrobial Research Unit, School of Health Sciences, College of Health SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa
  3. 3.Biomedical Resource Unit, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa

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