Shared Microbiome in Different Ecosystems: A Meta-Omics Perspective
Recent progress in the sequencing technologies and other omics approaches have had a profound impact on microbiology and helped to develop a more complete picture of the microbial composition and function of different ecosystems. One of the observations from meta-omics research is some microbes are ubiquitous in diverse ecosystems and that such shared microbiota could act as a backbone to support ecosystem function. This chapter describes current meta-omics projects studying this issue and addresses the potential of publicly available data to (i) identify the shared microbes that inhabit different environments and to (ii) study the microbial-core functions. We also discuss key challenges, gaps, and perspectives of meta-omic studies to help researchers to take the next steps forward.
KeywordsCore function Meta-omics Microbiota Shared microbiome
We thank Prof. Adam Godzik for assistance with editing and for his valuable comments that greatly improved the manuscript.
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